Definitions

Black Canyon

Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park

Park, western Colorado, U.S. Comprising a narrow, deep gorge of the Gunnison River, the preserve, established as a national monument in 1933 and elevated to a national park in 1999, occupies an area of 51 sq mi (133 sq km). The canyon derives its name from its black-stained, lichen-covered walls, which accentuate the gloom of the chasm.

Learn more about Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Black Canyon City is a census-designated place (CDP) in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States. The population was 2,697 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Black Canyon City (BCC) is located at (34.069719, -112.139466) at 2,000 feet in elevation.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 20.0 square miles (51.7 km²), all of it land.

Black Canyon City is located in southern Yavapai County and is approximately 47 miles north of Phoenix. Included in the southern part of Black Canyon City is the community of Rock Springs. It is served by Interstate 17 which bisects the City. I-17 is the main north-south freeway between Phoenix and Flagstaff. The Agua Fria river runs right through the center of Black Canyon City and the river empties into Lake Pleasant to the southwest.

History

Black Canyon City has been known by several names in the past, including Goddard, Canon, and Black Canyon. It was a stage stop on the Phoenix to Prescott line, a military stopover en route to Fort Whipple and Fort Verde during Territorial days, and a supply center for mines in the southern Bradshaw Mountains. The area was first settled by Americans in the 1870's, and the first post office was established as Canon in 1894. A famous early settler was Jack Swilling, who moved here in 1871. His house still stands, and is the oldest building in the community.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,697 people, 1,241 households, and 771 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 135.1 people per square mile (52.1/km²). There were 1,409 housing units at an average density of 70.6/sq mi (27.2/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 95.85% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 1.22% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.74% from other races, and 1.82% from two or more races. 3.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,241 households out of which 18.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.64.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 17.5% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 32.3% from 45 to 64, and 21.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 109.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.1 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $32,908, and the median income for a family was $41,193. Males had a median income of $36,310 versus $22,750 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $20,117. About 7.6% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.9% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.

The population of Black Canyon City in 2007 was estimated at about 4,000 .

Black Canyon City is becoming a bedroom exurb of Phoenix with the continued rapid growth of Phoenix northward.

Black Canyon City is served by resident Deputy Sheriffs from the Yavapai County Sheriff's Office and Officers from the Arizona Department of Public Safety (DPS).

Drinking water health issues

Black Canyon City (BCC), in common with such other Yavapai county communities as Camp Verde, Cornville, Rimrock and Village of Oak Creek, has municipal water exceeding the current maximum limit of 10 ppb arsenic. BCC municipal water has an average arsenic concentration of 12 to 15 ppb. BCC is currently experimenting with individual point-of-use reverse-osmosis units, installed in volunteer households, to reduce the arsenic content to safe levels .

See also: Arsenic contamination of groundwater

Notes

External links

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