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Biron or Biren, Ernst Johann von, 1690-1772, duke of Courland (1737-43, 1763-69), favorite of Czarina Anna of Russia. A Baltic nobleman, he rose to an all-powerful position under Anna, through whose influence he was elected duke of Courland. After Anna's death (1740) he was made regent for her grandnephew Ivan VI. Biron's unscrupulousness had earned him general hatred, and shortly after he became regent a coup ousted and banished him (1741). In 1743, Augustus III of Poland deprived him of his duchy. Czar Peter III later recalled him and Catherine II secured the restoration of his title, but Biron never regained his former influence.

Biron is a village in Wood County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 915 at the 2000 census.

Geography and History

Biron is located at (44.422492, -89.778792).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 6.3 square miles (16.2 km²), of which, 4.5 square miles (11.8 km²) of it is land and 1.7 square miles (4.5 km²) of it (27.48%) is water.

Notable people

A Biron cottage, fronting the Wisconsin River, was the summertime refuge of presidential advisor Philleo Nash and poet and educator Edith Nash. The Nashes lived during the year in Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. Philleo died in 1987, and Edith died in 2003.


As of the census of 2000, there were 915 people, 384 households, and 243 families residing in the village. The population density was 201.7 people per square mile (77.8/km²). There were 398 housing units at an average density of 87.7/sq mi (33.8/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 96.94% White, 0.44% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 1.20% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.75% of the population.

There were 384 households out of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the village the population was spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 23.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $42,557, and the median income for a family was $51,719. Males had a median income of $37,778 versus $24,028 for females. The per capita income for the village was $19,293. About 3.1% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.4% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.


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