Historically a village in its own right (in fact, many Bilton residents still refer to the area as a village), Bilton's name is derived from the Anglo-Saxon Beolatun (Beola's town), and it was mentioned in the Domesday Book as both Beltone and Bentone. The Church of St. Mark in Bilton dates from the mid-14th century.
The old village centre of Bilton still survives and is located about 1.5 miles from Rugby town centre. The village green of Bilton contains the remains of an ancient cross and stocks. Listed buildings include Bilton Hall and Bilton Grange although the old village is today surrounded by modern housing estates.
The title Lord of Bilton was once held by Edward I, Henry III and Henry VIII. The title is currently held by David Lower of Toronto, Ontario.