|Total population||158,700 (Sarawak only)|
|Regions with significant populations||Sarawak & West Kalimantan|
|Dialects||Bukar-Sadong, Singai-Jagoi, Biatah(Siburan, Padawan & Bia'), Bra'ang-Pinyawa, Sepug-Emperoh & Gumbang|
|Religion||Christianity & Animist|
|Related Ethnic Groups||Bekati', Binyadu, Jongkang, Ribun, Salako, Lara, Sanggau, Sara', Tringgus, Semandang & Ahé.|
Bidayuh is the collective name for several indigenous groups found in southern Sarawak, on the island of Borneo, that are broadly similar in language and culture (see also Issues below). The name "Bidayuh" means 'inhabitants of land'. Originally from the western part of Borneo, the collective name Land Dayaks was first used during the period of Rajah James Brooke, the White Rajah of Sarawak. They constitute one of the main indigenous groups in Sarawak and live in towns and villages around Kuching and Samarahan in the Malaysian state of Sarawak. Related groups are also found in west Kalimantan. In Sarawak, most of Bidayuh population are found within 40 km of the geographical area known as Greater Kuching, within the Kuching and Samarahan division. They are the second largest Dayak ethnic group in Sarawak after the Iban.
|Father||Bapa||Amang||Sama||Sama||Sama'||Apak, Bapak||Amang, Ama|
|Mother||Ibu||Andĕ||Sino||Sinĕ||Sin(d)o||Inuk, Indok, Umak||Inang, Ina|
Bidayuhs are traditionally animist, and vestiges of these beliefs still remain. The British colonial times (known as the Brooke family era) saw the arrival of Christian missionaries, bringing education and modern medicine. The great majority of Bidayuh are now Christians, majority of them being Roman Catholic. However, since the establishment of Malaysia and the increasing political influence of the Malays, a small number of Bidayuh have converted to Islam.
Most Bidayuh villages have either a Roman Catholic or Anglican church or a mosque -- rarely more than one or the village would tend to split. The Biatah people, who live in the Kuching area, are Anglican, while the people of the Bau area are Catholic. Muslims can be found in areas like Padawan (Kampung Bisira and Kampung Darul Islam Belimbing) and Bau (Kampung Segubang (50%)) but Muslim Bidayuh villages are extremely rare.
The Bidayuh of Bau have a unique tradition of hanging the bodies of the dead on trees and left to rot away. The skeletons are left on trees as a reminder of the dead. The tradition is rarely done nowadays.
2009, Language choice of Bidayuh graduates in Kuching-Samarahan Division, Sarawak, East Malaysia. Ph.D. thesis (Language shift and language maintenance, Language contact and Multilingualism).(Abstract)
Jan 01, 2009; Kota Samarahan: Universitit Malaysia Sarawak. Over the last four decades, Sarawak has undergone rapid socio-economic and...
I Kraft Av Risen. Hverdagsliv Og Sosial Samhorighet Blant Bidayuh I Sarawak (the Power of Rice. Everyday Life and Social Belonging among the Bidayuh in Sarawak)
Jan 01, 2005; 2004, I kraft av risen. Hverdagsliv og sosial samhorighet blant Bidayuh i Sarawak (The Power of Rice. Everyday Life and...
Calvin R. Rensch, Carolyn M. Rensch, Jonas Noeb and Robert Sulis Ridu, 2006, The Bidayuh language: yesterday, today and tomorrow.(Book review)
Jan 01, 2008; Calvin R. Rensch, Carolyn M. Rensch, Jonas Noeb and Robert Sulis Ridu, 2006, The Bidayuh language: yesterday, today and...