The Bhima River
originates in Bhimashankar
hills near Karjat
on the western side of Western Ghats
, known as Sahyadri, in Maharashtra
state in India
. Bhima flows southeast for 725 km through Maharashtra, Karnataka
, Andhra Pradesh
states. Bhima is the most important tributary of the Krishna river, which is one of the two majors rivers in Maharastra, the other being Godavari River. Nira confluences with Bhima in Narsingpur, Solapur
. Bhima is a major tributary
of the Krishna River
. Its banks are densely populated and form a fertile agricultural area.
The river is prone to flooding due to heavy rainfall during the monsoon season. In 2005 there were severe flood warnings
Bhima river basin
Bhima flows southeast for long journey of 725 km. During this long journey many smaller rivers confluence in it. Kundali River
, Ghod river
, Bhama, Indrayani, Mula River
, Mutha River
and Pavna River
are the major tributories of this river around Pune. Of these Indrayani, Mula, Mutha and Pawana flow through Pune and Pimpri Chinchwad city limits. Chandani, Kamini, Moshi, Bori, Sina, Man, Bhogwati and Nira are the major tributories of the river in Solapur. Of these Nira river confluences with Bhima river Narsingpur, in Malshiras taluka in Solapur district.
The total basin area is 48,631 km². The population residing along the banks of Bhima is approximately 12.33 million people (1990) with 30.90 million people expected by 2030. Seventy-five percent of the basin lies in the state of Maharashtra.