The Berliner Tageblatt was first published by Rudolf Mosse as an advertising paper on January 1, 1872, but developed into a liberal newspaper. On January 5, 1919, the office of the newspaper was briefly occupied by Freikorps soldiers in the German Revolution. By 1920, the BT had achieved a daily circulation of about 245,000.
On March 3 1933, after the Reichstag fire, Hans Lachmann-Mosse, the publisher, dismissed editor in chief Theodor Wolff because of his criticism of the Nazi government and his Jewish ancestry. Wolff by then had escaped to Tyrol by plane.
After 1933, the Nazi government took control of the newspaper (the Gleichschaltung). However, in September 1933, special permission was granted by Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels to release the paper from any obligation to reprint Nazi propaganda in order to help portray an image of a free German press internationally. Due to this assurance, their respected foreign correspondent Paul Scheffer became editor on April 1 1934. He had been the first foreign journalist to be refused a re-entry permit by the Soviet Union in 1929 for his negative reporting of the Five-Year Plan and prophesy of an impending famine in Ukraine.
For almost two years, Scheffer surrounded himself by independently-minded university graduates such as Margaret Boveri. She wrote in 1960 that Scheffer "was hated from the beginning by leading people of the Propaganda Ministry, and it was only because of his excellent foreign connections that he was not relieved of his position in the early years of the regime. Scheffer's position eventually became untenable and he resigned on December 31 1936.
From 1918 until April 1920, Kurt Tucholsky contributed 50 articles for the Berliner Tageblatt while he was also editor in chief of the satirical magazine Ulk, which appeared weekly between 1913 and 1933. His novel Schloss Gripsholm (based on Gripsholm Castle) appeared in the BT from March 20 to April 26 1931. Alfred Eisenstaedt was one of the newspaper's photographers.
Erich Everth began corresponding from the BT from Vienna in 1924. As the successor of Leopold Schmidt, Alfred Einstein was the musical critic from September 1927 until August 1933. The head of the important Central European Office from 1927-1933 was Heinrich Eduard Jacob, based out of Vienna. During his time at the BT, Jacob had approximately 1,000 contributions. Because he was an opponent of the Austrian Nazis, Jacob was imprisoned at Dachau concentration camp after the Anschluss in 1938.
The BT published separate weekly magazines, distributed as part of the newspaper. A number of these, such as "Technische Rundschau," a weekly review of trends in technology, and the "Haus, Hof und Garten" sections (Home and Garden), were edited by Rudolf Jonas. Jonas was an editor from 1929 to 1932. Jonas later became an editor of the magazine Das Theater.
|Year||Circulation - Weekdays||Circulation - Sunday|
|1929||137,000 (Berlin: 83,000)||250,000|
|1930-1931||121,000 (Berlin: 77,000)||208,000 (Berlin: 113,000)|
Welsh Journalist Who Exposed One of the World's Great Tragedies; Walter Jones' Diaries Go on Display in Cambridge
Nov 13, 2009; Byline: Tomos Livingstone THE diaries of a daringWelsh journalist, who alerted the world to famine in Stalin's Soviet Union, are...