See Latrobe's diary of his trips to New Orleans and his stay there, Impressions respecting New Orleans (ed. by S. Wilson, Jr., 1951); study by T. Hamlin (1955).
(born May 1, 1764, Fulneck, Yorkshire, Eng.—died Sept. 3, 1820, New Orleans, La., U.S.) British-U.S. architect and civil engineer. He immigrated to the U.S. in 1795. His first important building was the State Penitentiary in Richmond, Va. In 1798, in Philadelphia, he designed the Bank of Pennsylvania, considered the first U.S. monument of the Greek Revival style. Pres. Thomas Jefferson appointed him surveyor of public buildings. Latrobe inherited the task of completing the U.S. Capitol, and later rebuilt it after its destruction by the British. In Baltimore he designed the country's first cathedral (1818). He was active as an engineer, especially in the design of waterworks. He is widely regarded as having established architecture as a profession in the U.S.
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He was the son of Benjamin Latrobe, architect of the United States Capitol and the Basilica of the Assumption. The junior Latrobe was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and was educated in Baltimore, Maryland, and later at Georgetown College. He married Maria Eleanor "Ellen" Hazlehurst on March 12, 1833.
Around 1820 Latrobe worked with his father to establish a water supply for New Orleans, Louisiana. Between 1833 and 1835, as assistant engineer for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, he saw his design for the Thomas Viaduct take shape.
Early on it was nicknamed "Latrobe's Folly" as many doubted the massive structure could support itself. The fact that it remains in use as of 2007, carrying far heavier loads than ever envisioned, is a testament to his skill. He later became chief engineer of the Baltimore and Ohio.