Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza (Duarte Pio João Miguel Gabriel Rafael de Bragança; born May 15 1945), ), is the 24th Duke of Braganza (Portuguese Duque de Bragança) and a claimant to the defunct throne of Portugal.
On May 27 1950 the National Assembly repealed the laws of exile of December 19 1834 and October 15 1910. In 1951 Duarte visited Portugal for the first time accompanied by his aunt the Infanta Filippa. In 1952 he moved to Portugal permanently with his parents and brothers.
From 1957 to 1959 Duarte was enrolled in the Colégio Nuno Álvares in Santo Tirso. In 1960 he entered the Military College in Lisbon. He attended the Instituto Superior de Agronomia (now part of the Technical University of Lisbon) where he received a degree in agricultural sciences. Later he attended the Graduate Institute of Development Studies of the University of Geneva.
Duarte held the rank of sub-lieutenant (alferes). He worked as a helicopter pilot in the Portuguese Air Force in Angola which at the time was embroiled in the Portuguese Colonial War. In 1972 he participated with a multi-ethnic Angolan group in the organization of an independent list of candidates to the National Assembly. This resulted in his expulsion from Angola by order of the Prime Minister Marcelo Caetano. Afterwards, Duarte continued his contacts with various leaders in the Portuguese speaking countries.
There are several regional non-partisan monarchical associations ("Reais Associações") which support Duarte.
A small fringe of Portuguese monarchists do not recognise Duarte as claimant to the throne and as Duke of Braganza. The dispute dates back to 1828 when Duarte's great-grandfather Miguel I proclaimed himself king of Portugal. Miguel I was eventually exiled by his niece Queen Maria II. According to the law of banishment of 1834 and the Constitution of 1838, Miguel I and all his descendants were forever excluded from the succession to the throne. In 1842, the Constitutional Charter of 1826 was re-instated, and this constitution (which was in place until 1910 when the monarchy was overthrown) had no bar to the succession by members of Miguel's family.
Duarte is the closest male-line relative to Manuel II, the last king of Portugal. There are closer female-line relatives (who according to the Constitutional Charter of 1826 have succession rights), but none of these has Portuguese nationality (which was required by the Constitutional Charter for succession to the throne); none of these female-line relatives makes any active claim to the throne .
In 1912 and 1922 Duarte's grandfather Miguel was reconciled with Manuel II, but this reconciliation was not accepted by all of their adherents. There are several monarchist organizations in Portugal which maintain that only the Cortes or the National Assembly could legally determine the rightful claimant if ever Portugal decided to restore the monarchy. One monarchist group in Portugal that did support D. Miguel (II) instead of the deposed D. Manuel II was the Integralismo Lusitano.
In May 2006, the Portuguese Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement acknowledging Duarte's use of the title Duke of Braganza. In response to this statement, on July 5, 2006 Nuno da Câmara Pereira, a fado singer, member of the Portuguese parliament and the leader of the People's Monarchist Party addressed an official enquiry to the President of the Assembly of the Republic asking two questions:
On July 11, 2006 the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs gave an official response in which it stated that the Portuguese constitution guarantees the republican form of government; the response did not specifically address Duarte's use of the title Duke of Braganza.
Duarte and Isabel have three children:
The marriage of Duarte and Isabel and the birth of their first son were occasions of widespread news media attention in Portugal.
His Royal Highness, the Most Serene Lord, Duke of Braganza, of Guimarães and of Barcelos, Marquess of Vila Viçosa, Count of Arraiolos, of Ourém, of Barcelos, of Faria, of Neiva and of Guimarães, Sovereign of the Royal Order of Saint Isabel, Grand Master of the Order of the Immaculate Conception of Vila Viçosa, Grand Master by Birth of the Order of Saint Michael of the Wing, Judge of the Royal Brotherhood of Saint Michael of the Wing and Knight of the Austrian Order of the Golden Fleece
|Duarte, Duke of Braganza|| Father:|
Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza
| Father's father:|
Miguel II, Duke of Braganza
| Father's father's father:|
Miguel of Portugal
| Father's father's mother:|
Adelheid of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
| Father's mother:|
Princess Maria Theresa of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort
| Father's mother's father:|
Charles Henry, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort
| Father's mother's mother:|
Princess Sophia of Liechtenstein
Princess Maria Francisca of Orléans-Braganza
| Mother's father:|
Pedro, Prince of Grão-Pará
| Mother's father's father:|
Gaston, comte d'Eu
| Mother's father's mother:|
Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil
| Mother's mother:|
Elisabeth, Countess Dobrzensky of Dobrzenicz
| Mother's mother's father:|
John Vaclav II, Count Dobrzensky
| Mother's mother's mother:|
Elisabeth Josepha, Countess Kottulinsky
Duarte's patriline is the line from which he is descended father to son. It follows the Dukes of Braganza, the Kings of Portugal and before them, the Kings of France. The line can be traced back more than 1,400 years and is one of the oldest in Europe.
The descent before Robert III of Worms and Rheingau is taken from two works published by Portuguese Genealogist Luís Paulo Manuel de Meneses de Melo Vaz de São Paio.