Benét, Stephen Vincent, 1898-1943, American poet and author, b. Bethlehem, Pa., grad. Yale, 1919; brother of William Rose Benét. After graduating from college, Benét published several volumes of verse, including A Ballad of William Sycamore (1923), and several novels, of which Jean Huguenot (1923) and The Spanish Bayonet (1926) are the best. He is most famous for John Brown's Body (1928), a long narrative poem of the Civil War (Pulitzer Prize, 1929), and his short story, "The Devil and Daniel Webster." Western Star, a long narrative poem about the westward migration left unfinished at his death, was published in 1943 (Pulitzer Prize, 1944).

See his selected works (2 vol., 1942); letters, ed. by C. A. Fenton (1960); studies by C. A. Fenton (1978) and W. R. Benét (1979).

Benét, William Rose, 1886-1950, American poet and editor, b. Brooklyn, grad. Yale, 1907; brother of Stephen Vincent Benét. He was associated as editor or assistant editor with the Century Magazine, the Literary Review of the New York Evening Post, and the Saturday Review of Literature (which he helped found in 1924). His books include such collections of poetry as Merchants from Cathay (1913), The Great White Wall (1916), and Man Possessed (1927); a novel, The First Person Singular (1922); a volume of essays, Wild Goslings (1927); and an anthology, The Reader's Encyclopedia (1948). He also coedited The Oxford Anthology of American Literature (1938). His autobiographical verse-narrative, The Dust Which Is God (1941), won the 1942 Pulitzer Prize in poetry. His second wife was the poet, Elinor Wylie, whose poems he edited in 1932.
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