Belgian Tervuren

Belgian Tervuren

[ter-vyoor-uhn, ter-]
Belgian Tervuren, breed of medium-sized working dog perfected in Belgium in the early 20th cent. It stands from 22 to 26 in. (55.9-66 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 50 to 60 lb (22.6-27.2 kg). Its long, straight, dense coat may vary in shade from fawn to russet mahogany; the hair tips are always black. Developed from a widely interbred stock of Belgian sheepherding dogs, the Tervuren emerged as one of several distinct varieties, differing from the Groenendael Belgian sheepdog in color only. It is a relatively rare breed in the United States today. See dog.

The Tervuren (and sometimes spelled Tervueren), is a member of the Belgian Shepherd Dog family of dog breeds. Its classification varies, being classified under some breed standards as a breed in its own right, and in others as one of several acceptable variations of the Belgian. It is usually listed within breed standards under one or other, or a combination, of these names.

In the United States, the AKC recognizes it under the name Belgian Tervuren. In Canada, the Canadian Kennel Club recognizes the Tervuren as a variety of the Belgian Shepherd Dog (prior to 2005, Belgian Shepherd Dogs were called Belgian Sheepdogs).

Description

Appearance

Like all Belgian Shepherds, the Tervuren is a medium-sized, square-proportioned dog in the sheepdog family. Males stand between 24 and 26 inches, and weigh approximately 65 lb. Females are finer and smaller. It is recognized by its thick double coat, generally mahogany with varying degrees of black overlay, including a black mask. A small patch of white on the chest is permissible, as well as white tips on toes. The Tervuren may also be sable or grey, but this may be penalized in the show ring in some countries according to the standard of the registering body.

Temperament

Tervurens are highly energetic, intelligent dogs who require a job to keep them occupied. This can be herding, obedience, agility, flyball, tracking, or protection work. They are also found working as Search and Rescue (SAR) dogs, finding missing persons and avalanche victims.

As companion animals, Tervurens are loyal and form strong bonds with their family, leading some to be aloof with strangers. They are good watch dogs, being very observant and attentive to the slightest change in their environment. Some can be nervous, depending on breeding and early experiences, so care must be taken to adequately socialize Tervuren puppies to a wide variety of people and situations.

As with all the Belgian Shepherd Dogs, Tervurens are not generally recommended to first-time dog owners due to their high maintenance level.

Adult males are distinctly masculine and females are likewise feminine. Their appearance projects alertness and elegance. The breed is known for its loyalty and versatility. Those who own them, report being charmed by their intelligence, trainability, and, perhaps most of all, their sense of humor. They excel in many kinds of activities. Today the breed is still relatively rare in the United States, but it is well-established.

Health

See Health Section of Belgian Shepherd Dog for more information.

Grooming

The Tervuren has a thick, double coat similar to the Groenendael. Regular brushing is necessary to remove loose undercoat, but in general, the fur is not prone to matting. A properly textured Tervuren coat is slightly hard, laying flat against the body (unlike, for instance, the Samoyed's off-standing fur). It naturally sheds dirt and debris, but burrs and seeds may stick to the feathering on the legs.

The Tervuren is shown in a natural state, with minimal trimming and cosmetic products. Bathing, brushing, and trimming the fur on the feet with scissors to emphasize their tight, cat-footed shape is the extent of most exhibitors' grooming routines. Products that alter the coloration of the coat are not allowed in the ring.

Faults (AKC)


DISQUALIFICATIONS
Males under 23 inches in height.
Bitches under 21 inches in height.
Males over 26 ½ inches in height.
Bitches over 24 ½ inches in height.
Undershort bite with complete loss of contacts by all the incisors.
Cropped or stumped tail.
Solid black, solid liver or any area of white except as specified on the
chest, tips of the toes, chin and muzzle.

FAULTS DEGREE
Missing Teeth Minor
4 or more missing teeth Serious
Wavy or curly hair Minor
Predominate color that is pale, washed out, cream or gray Minor
Blackening in patches is a fault. Minor
Absence of blackening (ie black overlay) in mature dogs Serious
A face with a complete absence of black (masking) Serious

Padding, hackneying, weaving, crabbing and similar movement faults are to be penalized according to the degree with which they interfere with the ability of the dog to work.

In his relationship with humans he is observant and vigilant with strangers, but not apprehensive. He does not show fear or shyness. He does not show viciousness by unwarranted or unprovoked attack. He must be approachable, standing his ground and showing confidence to meet overtures without himself making them. With those he knows well, he is most affectionate and friendly, zealous for their attention and very possessive.

Famous Tervurens

See also

References

External links

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