is a parish on the edge of The Fens
and in the administrative district
of South Kesteven
. Like most fen-edge parishes, it was laid out more than a thousand years ago, in an elongated form, so as to afford the produce of a variety of habitats for the villagers. The village itself lies along the road between King Street
, a road built apparently, in the second century
and Baston Fen which is on the margin of the much bigger, Deeping Fen. Until the nineteenth century
, the heart of Deeping Fen was a common fen on which all the surrounding villages had rights of turbary
and so on.
Baston is also a family name which probably has a separate origin.
The parish lies on a fan of gravel from the Devensian
glacial period, which spreads from the upland mouth of the valley
of the River Welland
, to the east of Stamford, Lincolnshire
. There are consequently two main forms of business in the parish: arable farming
extraction. The flooded gravel pits subsequently lend themselves to development for leisure pursuits such as angling
. The gravel was washed down from the tundra environment to the west and deposited in the periglacial lake
, known as Lake Fenland, below the icy waters of which, the site of Baston then lay.
Geographically, in the fen, the parish's northern boundary lies on the River Glen
, beyond which is Thurlby
. To the south, is Langtoft
and beyond King Street, in the west is Greatford
Baston's story begins with King Street and the Car Dyke
, a Roman boundary marker
or catchwater drain
, according to one's opinion. Another significant Roman feature of Baston is the Roman road leading across the fen towards Spalding
(Margary 261). Part of the modern fen road follows it.
At the end of the village, near King Street was an Anglian cemetery which was in use up to about the year 500. This coincides as nearly as can be told, with the date of the beginning of Arthur's exploits as reported by the Historia Brittonum, when Arthur fought his first battle at the mouth of the River Glen and stopped the spread of Anglo-Saxon settlement for fifty years.
Like most places in Europe, Baston suffered from visits from the plague. A few of its victims in Baston are listed here
In 2002, a group of local residents decided that the village needed an area where a range of sports could be conducted. The cost of a sports hall was thought to be prohibitive, so the project was focused on a multi-use sports and skateboarding area. Following a village wide survey, which had a 37% return rate, a public meeting was held in June 2002. As a result of both the survey and public meeting, it was decided that there was a mandate from the village to progress the project. Consequently, B-Active was formed as a sub-committee of the BPFMC.
As part of this the Baston Football Club was formed in 2006 by Samuel Spry, with help from what was going to be the basis of the squad, including Charles Clare, and joined the Grantham & District Saturday Afternoon League.
- For the purpose of electing councillors for South Kesteven District Council, the parish forms part of Truesdale ward, which elects two councillors. 1 2
- Details of the Parish Council are given here
- Mayes, P. & Dean, M.J. An Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Baston Lincolnshire The Society for Lincolnshire History and Archaeology. (1976) ISBN 0-904680-05-3
- Phillips, C.W. ed. The Fenland in Roman Times Royal Geographical Society (1970)