: ) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland
. The city of Basel
and the municipalities of Bettingen
form its territory.
The canton of Basel-Stadt was created when the historic canton of Basel
was divided in 1833. The result of this division was two half cantons: Basel-Stadt and Basel-Land. The division itself was caused by the canton of Basel-Land
, and the constitution of Basel-Stadt does not recognize the other half canton.
The canton of Basel-City is located in the north of Switzerland
. It borders Germany
to the north, Basel-Landschaft
to the south. The river Rhine
The area of the canton is 37 km². This makes Basel-City the smallest canton in Switzerland.
Basel-Stadt is a half canton. This means that the canton only sends one representative to the Council of States
. The capital of the canton Basel-Stadt is the city of Basel
. The present constitution of the canton dates from 1889.
The parliament of the canton is called Grosser Rat and has 130 members who are elected for four years at a time. There are currently (2006) eight different political parties represented in the parliament.
The executive of the canton (Regierungsrat) is made up of seven members. Currently (2006) there are five different political parties represented in the executive.
The chemical industry and the pharmaceutical industry are of greatest significance in the canton. There are a number of multinationals in the city of Basel, attracting workers from both cantons of Basel and the areas across the border in France
. Banking and finance are important as is the service sector in general. Small and middle-sized businesses employ a significant number of people, both in the city as the two municipalities.
Economically the neighbouring lands in Germany and France are not separated from the area of the canton of Basel-Stadt. Good transport links across the border as well as supportive local governments facilitate this link.
The carnival of the city of Basel (Basler Fasnacht) is a major cultural event in the year. The carnival is one of the biggest in Switzerland and attracts large crowds every year, despite the fact that it starts as early as four in the morning (Morgestraich).
For more information see also
The canton of Basel is renowned for two of its biscuits. The Basler Läckerli is a hard biscuit made of honey, almonds, candied peel and Kirsch and is enjoyed as a speciality all year round. The Basler Brunsli is made of almonds and generally enjoyed at Christmas all around Switzerland.
A famous cultural ambassador is the Basel Boys Choir.
The fact that three nation- states come together in one spot near Basel (Dreiländereck
) attracts some tourists. The site is clearly identified and a popular destination for primary school classes. The carnival attracts large number of people from across Switzerland and the neighbouring countries.
The Basel Messe convention center is host to several international events. The largest are Art Basel
, an art show for Modern and contemporary works; and BaselWorld
, a major watch and jewellery show.
There is an international airport at Basel-Mulhouse. The canton is well connected by both trains and motorways to the rest of Switzerland and the neighbouring areas in France and Germany.
Basel is a major train station of Switzerland, connected to Paris, Brussels and Berlin with direct fast trains.
There is a port at Basel for ships on the river Rhine. This port is of great significance to landlocked Switzerland, as it offers the country's only direct connection to the sea. The port benefits from good connections to both rail and road.