Baron Newbury

Duke of Cleveland

For the sex offender who fraudulently presented himself as the "5th Duke of Cleveland" in 2004 in Stillwater and 2006 in Chaska, Minnesota, see Joshua Gardner
Duke of Cleveland is a title that has been created twice, once in the Peerage of England and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The dukedoms were named after Cleveland in northern England.

The first creation in 1670 (along with the barony of Nonsuch and the earldom of Southampton) was for Barbara Palmer, a mistress of King Charles II. The dukedom was created with a special remainder allowing it to be inherited by Charles FitzRoy, her illegitimate son by Charles II. Being illegitimate, he would not normally have inherited the peerage. He was made Duke of Southampton, Earl of Chichester and Baron Newbury in 1675 and inherited the dukedom of Cleveland in 1709.

His son William inherited both dukedoms, but he had no issue, and since his uncles (Henry Fitzroy, 1st Duke of Grafton (died 1690) and George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland (died 1716)) had not been made eligible to inherit the peerage, the title could not pass to one of their descendants and became extinct upon his death.

The dukedom of Cleveland was created again in 1833 for William Vane, 3rd Earl of Darlington, along with the title Baron Raby. He was a great-grandson of Charles FitzRoy, the second Duke of the first creation, and had already been created Marquess of Cleveland in 1827. For more information on this creation, which became extinct in 1891, and the Vane family, see the Baron Barnard.

Dukes of Cleveland, First Creation (1670)

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Cleveland
17091730
18 June 1662
London
son of Charles II of England and Barbara Palmer, Countess of Castlemaine
Mary Wood
1671
No children

Anne Pulteney
1694
6 children
9 September 1730
St. James's Square
aged 68
William FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Cleveland
17301774
19 February 1698
son of Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Cleveland and Anne Pulteney
Lady Henrietta Finch
22 January 1731
No children
18 May 1774
Raby Castle
aged 76

Dukes of Cleveland, Second Creation (1833)

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
William Henry Vane, 1st Duke of Cleveland
18331842
27 July 1766
son of Henry Vane, 2nd Earl of Darlington and Margaret Lowther
Lady Catherine Powlett
17 September 1787
8 children

Elizabeth Russell
27 July 1813
No children
29 January 1842
aged 76
Henry Vane, 2nd Duke of Cleveland
18421864
6 August 1788
son of William Henry Vane, 1st Duke of Cleveland and Lady Catherine Powlett
Lady Sophia Poulett
16 November 1809
No children
18 January 1864
Raby Castle
aged 75
William John Frederick Vane, 3rd Duke of Cleveland
1864
3 April 1792
son of William Henry Vane, 1st Duke of Cleveland and Lady Catherine Powlett
Lady Grace Lowther
3 July 1815
No children
6 September 1864
Raby Castle
aged 72
Harry Powlett, 4th Duke of Cleveland
18641891
19 April 1803
son of William Henry Vane, 1st Duke of Cleveland and Lady Catherine Powlett
Lady Catherine Stanhope
2 August 1854
No children
21 August 1891
Cleveland House
aged 88

References

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