- For other locations with this name, see Trenton.
is a town
in Oneida County
, New York
, United States
. The population was 4,670 at the 2000 census. The town is reportedly named after Trenton
, New Jersey
The first settlement was developed in 1793 by Gerrit Boon
in Barneveldt, as an agent of the Holland Land Company
. Boon went back to Holland after a few years. His succeeder was Adam Gerard Mappa
a Dutch typesetter. At the end of his life Mappa's friend Francis Adrian Vanderkemp
moved to Barneveld.
The town was formed in 1797 from the Town of Schuyler (in Herkimer County, New York). The name may have been selected because some local soldiers fought at the Battle of Trenton. The town includes areas form the Holland and Servis Patents.
According to the United States Census Bureau
, the town has a total area of 43.7 square miles
), of which, 43.3 square miles (112.2 km²) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km²) of it (0.89%) is water.
The West Canada Creek forms the eastern town line, the border of Herkimer County.
The town lent its name to the "Trenton Group," a limestone bed that extends to Minnesota.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 4,670 people, 1,776 households, and 1,287 families residing in the town. The population density
was 107.8 people per square mile (41.6/km²). There were 1,932 housing units at an average density of 44.6/sq mi (17.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.07% White
, 0.39% African American
, 0.06% Native American
, 0.54% Asian
, 0.17% from other races
, and 0.77% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 0.34% of the population.
There were 1,776 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were non-families. 22.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the town the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $49,559, and the median income for a family was $56,377. Males had a median income of $32,523 versus $28,516 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,139. About 2.6% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in Trenton
- Barneveld -- The Village of Barneveld is in the east central part of the town, west of Trenton Falls.
- Barneveld Station -- A location on NY 12, south of Barneveld.
- Hinckley -- A hamlet located on NY 365 near the Hinckley Reservoir on the north bank of West Canada Creek.
- Holland Patent -- The Village of Holland Patent is in the southwest part of the town on NY 365.
- Maplewood -- A location south of Barneveldt.
- Prospect -- The Village of Prospect is in the northeast corner of the town.
- South Trenton -- Located off NY 12 near the southern town border with Deerfield, New York
- Steuben Valley -- A hamlet at the west town line.
- Trenton Falls -- A hamlet at the east town line on West Canada Creek.
- Trenton Falls Station -- A location west of Trenton Falls.