Pabna District (পাবনা জেলা Pabna Jela) is a district in Northern Bangladesh. It is a part of the Rajshahi Division.
The district of Pabna
, which forms the south east corner of the Rajshahi Division
, is situated between 23°48′ and 24°47′ north latitude, and between 89°02′ and 89°50′ east longitude. The Bogra District
bound it on the north, while the Padma River
in the south separates it from the districts of Faridpur District
and Kushtia District
. The mighty Jamuna River
runs along its eastern border separating it from the districts of Mymensingh
; and on the west it has a common boundary with the district of Rajshahi. Kazirhat is a place for pabna there two river is in a one place one is jamuna and podma river.
The upazilas under Pabna district are:
- Atgharia Upazila
- Bangura Upazila
- Bera Upazila
- Bhangura Upazila
- Chatmohar Upazila
- Faridpur (Formerly Bonwareenogor) Upazila
- Ishwardi Upazila
- Pabna Sadar Upazila
- Santhia Upazila
- Sujanagar Upazila
Map of Pabna District
The origin name “ Pabna” is not found in any history. Various endeavours were made from time to time but no unanimous conclusion has been reached so far historians holding different opinions. Couningham, a renowned archaeologist, conjectured that the name Pabna might have been derived from the old kingdom Pundra or Pundrabardan, the country of pods, whose capital was at Mahasthangarh
in the adjoining district of Bogra, but it has not received general acceptance of the scholars. Many folk assertions have locally taken roots and branches in search of the origin of the name of Pabna. One of these is that the area was named Pabna after a notorious dacoit of that time. But Radha Raman Saha in his History of Pabna strongly contradicts such views because he found on search nobody by this name was on the list of robbers of this district. Another popular belief is that the region of Pabna got its name from Pabnee one of the confluent streams of the river Ganges flowing by the south of this land. Perhaps this may be acceptable, because the district is intersected by rivers of varying magnitude. During the rainy season, consequent upon the rise of the rivers, and spreading of the spill water over the countryside, the villages standout as small islands in a wide sea and present the spectacle of a certain quiet beauty. The Ganges and the Jamuna has special character of the countryside of the district of Pabna. A foreigner, Lovant Fraser, in his book has written very enthusiastically about the charms of the rivers of this part of the country. And the impression of Sir Joseph Hooker when he traveled along the Ganges and passing by Pabna made his way up the Jamuna: ‘ the water is clay coloured and turbid and yearly changes of its course’.
Thus the river Padma was made the southern boundary of the district. In 1875 Raigang was transferred back to Pabna from Bogra and in 1879 a separate judgeship for the districts of Pabna and Bogra was created. The district is divided into two sub division is again divided into several police stations.
Population 2153921; male 51.17%, female 48.83%; Muslim 95.12%, Hindu 4.50%, Christian 0.22% and others 0.16%.
Agriculture 34%, agricultural labourer 22.77%, wage labourer 4.46%, transport 2.18%, weaving 2.85%, commerce 13.27%, service 7.26% and others 13.21%.
Among the peasants 29% are landless, 49% small, 18% intermediate and 4% rich.
Value of land
The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 7500 per 0.01 hectare.
Paddy, jute, wheat, sugarcane, oil seeds, onion, garlic, betel leaf, pulses.
Extinct or nearly extinct crops
Indigo, sesame, linseed, kaun, china and arahar.
Mango, jackfruit, banana, litchi, coconut, guava and papaya.
Fisheries, dairies & poultries
Dairy 1069, fishery 88, poultry 714, hatchery 37.
Paper mill, sugar mill, cotton mill, jute press, oil mill, pharmaceutical co, biscuit factory, rice and flour mill, ice factory, welding, saw mill, cold storage, etc.
Handloom, bamboo and cane work, blacksmith, goldsmith, potteries, wood work, tailoring etc.
Hats, bazars and fairs
Total number of hats and bazars are 182, fairs 17.
Paddy, jute, betel leaf, hosiery goods, cotton, cotton fabrics, etc.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, CARE, asa, grameen bank, caritas, proshika, Samata, ITCL, thengamara mahila sabuj sangha and Palli Pragati.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 26.8%; male 31.8% and female 21.5%. Educational institutions: college 34, cadet college 2, law college 1, government polytechnic college 1, government vocational training institute 1, textile institute 1, government commerce college 1, primary teacher's training institute 1, nursing training institute 1, homeopathic college 1, high school 202, junior high school 29, madrasa 261, government primary school 667, non-government primary school 445, community school 8, kindergarten 29, satellite school 32, NGO operated school 299, music college 1. Noted educational institutions: Pabna Edward College (1898), Pabna Zila School (1853), GCI Institution (1894), RM Academy (1899), Polytechnic Institute (1891) and Aliya Madrasa (1925), MC Jubilee High School (1936), Debattar (Atgharia) Government Primary School (1880), Bharenga (Bera) Academy (1835), Bera B B High School (1899), Bera High School (1906), Dhobakhola Coronation High School (1906), Banwari Nagar (Faridpur) CB Pilot High School (1912), Sanra (Ishwardi) Marwari School (1917), Khalilpur (Sujanagar) High School (1901).
Roads: pucca 681 km, semi pucca 100 km and mud road 3198 km; waterways 184 nautical mile; railways 67 km; air port 1.
Palanquin, horse carriage and bullock cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.For last few years another kind of transport has been intoduced in the street of Pabna is 'Nochimon'.It is made by local technology by installing shallow irrigation engine on a four-wheel device.Alongside all kinds of modern transport are in use.
Places of interest
Paksey is a place in Pabna, where the environment and the natural site is very nice. Spacially the railway colony is a nice place. In this colony there are many trees, which are over 100 years old. Beside the colony the river Padma and the Hardinge Bridge. There is an EPZ here, which is already started.Newly built road bridge,Lalan Shah bridge, over the river of Padma added attraction of this area.
Another nice area to vist is Bank of Padma,well known as 'Padmar Par' around 5km away fom district's old Technical Institute.Nature is very nice here,opprtunity to have cruise in river by hiring boat.
The marshy area Chalan Beel is located in Pabna District.
Health Care Facilities
General hospital 4, mental hospital 1, zila sadar hospital 1, upazila health complex 9, health & family planning centre 25, TB hospital 1, diabetic hospital 1, eye hospital 1, community hospital 1, maternity and child welfare centre 1, police hospital 1, railway hospital 1, private clinic 15.
Media and Culture
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Dainik Ichamati, Dainik Nirvar, Dainik Uttar Janata (Ishwardi); Weeklies: Gayana Bikashini, Pabna Barta, Bibreti, Arshi; fortnightly Jamuna, Charmohar Barta, Faridpur Barta, Junction, Janadabi (Ishwardi); monthly Gayana Prava, Palli Darpan, Manasi, Amar Desh and Pabna, Tawhid (Bhangura), Chetana, Sachetan.
Cultural organisations Club 455, library 66, cinema hall 27, literary and cultural organisation 46, theatre stage 3, theatre group 19, community centre 1, shilpakala academy 1, voluntary organisation 303, women's organisation 123, opera party 3, cooperative society 1124.
Religious institutions Mosque 2353, temple 420, church 11, tomb 5, sacred place 2.
Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 4, mass killing site 6, memorial 8.