Bandhani work is a type of dyeing practiced mainly in the states of Rajasthan and Gujarat, India. Sometimes it is also referred to as Bandhani art or Bandhani art work. The term “bandhani” derives its name from a Hindi word Bandhan which means tying up.
Bandhani work involves tying and dyeing of pieces of cotton or silk cloth, The main colours used in Bandhani are yellow, red, green and black. Bandhani work, after the processing is over, results into a variety of symbols including, dots, squares, waves and strips.
The main colours used in Bandhani are natural. In fact all colours in bandhani are dark, no light color is used, and the background is mostly in black / red cloth. The Bandhani work has been exclusively carried out by Muslim Khatri Community of Kutchh. Those Muslim Khatri women are the custodian of this art from one generation to another. A meter length of cloth can have millions of tiny knots known as "Bheendi" in local language ("Kutchhi"). These knots form a design once opened after dieying in bright colors. Traditionally, the final products can be classified into "Khombi", "Ghar Chola", "Patori", "Chandrokhani" etc. In modern days Bandhani is very popular not only in ladies' wear but in gents' clothing, too.