Banda

Banda

[bahn-duh]
Banda, Hastings Kamuzu, 1902?-97, African political leader, president of Malawi (1966-94). A son of peasants, he received a medical degree in the United States and after World War II established a practice in London, where his office became a meeting place for exiled African leaders. He returned to Africa (1953), then to his homeland, Nyasaland (1958), to campaign against the federation of Nyasaland with Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe and Zambia). In 1961 Banda's Malawi Congress party won a sweeping election victory. Nyasaland, which he led as prime minister, became independent as Malawi in 1964. Under a new constitution, Banda became president in 1966. Increasingly autocratic, he made himself president for life in 1971, the year he became the first African leader to visit South Africa. Opponents were routinely jailed and some killed, while Banda lived in luxury. Following antigovernment rioting and suspension of Western aid in 1992, Banda was forced to abandon one-party rule and the life presidency in 1993. In democratic elections held in 1994, he was defeated by Bakili Muluzi. In 1995 Banda was acquitted of charges in the 1983 assassination of four political opponents.

See biographies by P. Short (1974) and T. D. Williams (1978).

Banda, Rupiah Bwezani, 1937-, Zambian politician, president of Zambia (2008-), b. Gwenda, Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe). Educated in Ethiopia, Sweden, and England, he joined the United National Independence party (UNIP) in 1960, and has been both a businessman and a political figure. He served (1965-67) as Zambia's ambassador to the United Arab Republic (Egypt) and subsequently (1967-69) as ambassador to the United States. He was Zambia's United Nations representative from 1974 to 1975, foreign minister from 1975 to 1976, and a member of parliament for a decade (1978-88). Banda joined the Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD) in 2000, and in 2006 was appointed vice president by President Levi Mwanawasa. When Mwanawasa died in 2008, Banda was appointed president and subsequently he narrowly won election to the office.

(born circa 1898, near Kasungu [Malawi]—died Nov. 25, 1997, Johannesburg, S.Af.) First president of Malawi (1963–94). Educated as a physician in the U.S., Banda moved to Scotland and practiced medicine there. He became involved in politics when white settlers demanded the federation of Nyasaland (later Malawi) and the Rhodesias in 1949. In the 1950s he toured the country making antifederation speeches, for which he was imprisoned by British colonial officials. In 1963, when the federation was dissolved, he became prime minister. He concentrated on building his country's infrastructure and increasing agricultural productivity. Declared president for life in 1971, his rule became increasingly autocratic and austere. He was voted out of office in 1994.

Learn more about Banda, Hastings (Kamuzu) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born circa 1898, near Kasungu [Malawi]—died Nov. 25, 1997, Johannesburg, S.Af.) First president of Malawi (1963–94). Educated as a physician in the U.S., Banda moved to Scotland and practiced medicine there. He became involved in politics when white settlers demanded the federation of Nyasaland (later Malawi) and the Rhodesias in 1949. In the 1950s he toured the country making antifederation speeches, for which he was imprisoned by British colonial officials. In 1963, when the federation was dissolved, he became prime minister. He concentrated on building his country's infrastructure and increasing agricultural productivity. Declared president for life in 1971, his rule became increasingly autocratic and austere. He was voted out of office in 1994.

Learn more about Banda, Hastings (Kamuzu) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Banda may refer to:

People

Places

  • Banda District in Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Banda, Ghana
  • Banda, India, administrative headquarters of Banda District
  • Banda Islands, a group of ten small volcanic islands in the Banda Sea
  • Banda, Maharashtra, India
  • Banda Sea, the sea of the South Moluccas in Indonesia, a part of the Pacific Ocean.

Miscellaneous

Other references

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