(derived from banishment
) is, generally, any decree
Bans are formed for the prohibition of activities within a certain political territory. Some see this as a negative act (equating it to a form of censorship or discrimination) and others see it as maintaining the "status quo". Bans in commerce are referred to as embargos.
ban is used to prevent certain categories of people from marrying each other. For much of the 1800s and 1900s there were bans on marriage between people of different races (interracial marriage
) in the United States
. However, the ban on interracial marriage was taken up by the Supreme Court of the United States
in the landmark civil rights
case Loving vs. Virginia
, in which the Court ruled Virginia
law an unconstitutional
violation of the fundamental right to marriage. This should not be confused with banns of marriage
. Historically, child marriage
was common, but is now banned in many countries..
Banned persons under Apartheid
During the Apartheid
régime in South Africa
, the National Party
government issued banning orders to individuals seen to be threats to its power — often black politicians or organisations — and acted as suppression orders. Individuals banned by the government could not communicate with more than one person at any time unless at home (thus removing them from partaking in political activities), travel to areas without government approval, or leave the country.
Banning in games and Internet Forums
In internet forums and MMORPGs
, the host sometimes has the power to ban players who do not follow the rules. When banned, the user is un-able to play on the MMORPG anymore. Sometimes they might make alternate accounts to continue breaking rules, and in this case, the IP address
may be banned from connecting to the server.
Banning (sometimes called 'blocking' or 'permabanning') is commonplace in internet culture. The banhammer, or "banstick" is a metaphorical tool used in many of these games.
Some web communities openly welcome and, in fact, actively recruit individuals that have been banned elsewhere to sign up and participate.