Definitions

Baffin Bay

Baffin Bay

Baffin Bay, ice-clogged body of water, c.700 mi (1,130 km) long, between Greenland and NE Canada. It connects with the Arctic Ocean to the north and west and with the Atlantic Ocean to the south by way of Davis Strait. Although more than 9,000 ft (2,740 m) deep, navigation in the bay is made hazardous by many icebergs brought there by the Labrador Current. In the 1800s the bay was an important whaling station. The British explorer John Davis was first (1585) to enter the bay, which is named for William Baffin, who explored it in 1616.

Baffin Bay (French: Baie de Baffin) is a sea between the Atlantic and Arctic oceans. It is 1130 km (700 mi) across from north to south. It is not navigable most of the year because of the presence of large numbers of icebergs.

History

In 1585 British explorer John Davis was the first European to enter the bay. William Baffin made five voyages to the Arctic and reached Baffin Bay in 1616. During these voyages it was proven that the Northwest Passage was not in the Hudson Bay area.

Baffin Bay was the epicenter of a 7.3 magnitude earthquake in 1933. See 1933 Baffin Bay earthquake.

Location

Baffin Bay is a leg of the Arctic Ocean bounded by Baffin Island in the west, Greenland in the east, and Ellesmere Island in the north. It connects to the Atlantic through Davis Strait, and to the Arctic through several narrow channels of Nares Strait. It is a northwestern extension of the North-Atlantic and Labrador Sea.

Wildlife

About 120,000 Beluga whales live in Baffin Bay, eating small fish and other crustaceans. They are at risk of being trapped in the ice and face other environmental concerns.

References

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