Fürst composed this tune as the Badonviller March for the Royal Bavarian Infantry Regiment. The title refers to fighting on 12 August 1914 near Badonviller (“Badenweiler”) in French Lorraine, where the (Body-)Guard Regiment (Königlich Bayerisches Infanterie-Leib-Regiment) achieved a first victory against the French at the beginning of the First World War. The composer's lively two-tone entrance motif was by some accounts inspired by the duotonic sirens of field ambulances, with which the wounded were removed.
The march is often reported as Adolf Hitler's favourite, and was often played as the Führer's "entrance theme," if Hitler were to make an appearance somewhere. Also, in features from the National Socialist period or in newsreels (e.g. “Deutsche Wochenschau” etc) the march was often pasted into the audio track as background music when appearances of Hitler were shown. However, Hitler is quoted in Traudl Junge's autobiography, Until the Final Hour, as denying that it was his favourite march, and was merely misconstrued that way because of a favourable remark he had made about it.