Bache, Benjamin Franklin, 1769-98, American journalist, b. Philadelphia; son of Richard Bache and grandson of Benjamin Franklin. In 1790 he founded the Philadelphia General Advertiser (later the Aurora). As the champion of the Jeffersonians, Bache's paper denounced the Federalists bitterly, and he was arrested under the Sedition Act (see Alien and Sedition Acts) but was released on parole. He died soon afterward of yellow fever.
Bache, Jules Semon, 1861-1944, American banker and art collector, b. New York City. He made an immense fortune on Wall St., organized the banking firm of J. S. Bache and Company, and was director of 12 other firms. In 1937 he opened his magnificent art collection to the public, and in 1944 the collection was given permanently to the Metropolitan Mus. It includes famous works by Raphael, Titian, Rembrandt, Velázquez, and other masters.
Bache, Richard, 1737-1811, American merchant, b. Yorkshire, England. He came to New York City in 1765 to join an older brother in the mercantile business. Bache soon moved to Philadelphia in the interest of the firm, which had built up a large West Indian trade. In 1767 he married Sarah, daughter of Benjamin Franklin. He served on many committees in the American Revolution, including the Board of War. He succeeded Franklin as Postmaster General in 1776 and held office until 1782.
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