It is the first cruise missile fielded by Pakistan. It is capable of carrying either conventional or nuclear warheads and has a reported range of 700 km (435 miles). It can be fired from warships, submarines and fighter jets. It is designed to avoid radar detection and penetrate undetected through a defensive system. The cruise missile is a terrain hugging missile and it has an up-to-date navigation and guidance system, and a high degree of maneuverability. Serial production of Babur started in October 2005.
On August 12th, 2005, Pakistan publicly announced that it had successfully test fired a nuclear-capable Babur cruise missile. The missile was launched from a land based transporter erector launcher (TEL). With this test, Pakistan became one of twelve countries that possess cruise missile technology. Babur is part of Pakistan's Hatf missile series. The unannounced initial launch on 11 August 2005 caught much of the international community by surprise due to the technically advanced nature of the missile, as well as the fact that Pakistan did not notify India of its test-firing in accordance with the existing notification agreement, as it is limited to ballistic missile testing only.
On March 22nd, 2007, Pakistan test-fired the second version of the nuclear-capable Babur/Hatf VII nuclear-capable cruise missile with the capability to avoid radar detection and an extended range of 700km. On December, 11, 2007 another test of Babun cruise missile has been carried out.
On July 26, 2007 Pakistan reportedly tested an upgraded Babur cruise missile. Various reports claimed that it has been upgraded to carry on future PAF fighters such as the F-16 and JF-17. In the future, a more advanced version of the Babur is planned, that will likely have more range, and will weigh considerably less than the current 1,400 kg model. Other likely upgrades might include being equipped to the J-10 jet fighter or the German U-212/U-214 submarines.
The sudden test of the Babur missile surprised the world community. The United States gave a muted response. India which, though gave no official response, was criticized by its media for not knowing beforehand. Pakistani president Pervez Musharraf praised the Pakistani scientists and engineers by saying that they had once again done the country proud by mastering a rare technology. By conducting a cruise missile test Pakistan has joined a select group of countries which have the capability to design and develop cruise missiles. Musharraf also said that Pakistan was not into an arms race with anyone but would never compromise on its strategy of defensive deterrence.
|Hatf-I/IA (BRBM)||Hatf-I/IA||80/100 km||300 kg||Deployed||50-100|
|Abdali (SRBM)||Hatf-II||180 km||500 kg||Deployed, Under production||100+|
|Ghaznavi (SRBM)||Hatf-III||290 km||500 kg||Deployed, Under production||100+|
|Shaheen-I (MRBM)||Hatf-IV||700 km||750 kg||Deployed, Under production||100+|
|Ghauri-I (MRBM)||Hatf-V||1200-1500 km||700-1000 kg||60-80|
|Ghauri-II (MRBM)||Hatf-VA||2,400 km, More range with lighter payload.||1000 kg||Operational, Under production||60-80|
|Shaheen-II (IRBM)||Hatf-VI||2500 km, More range with lighter payload.||1000+ kg||Deployed, Under production||60-80|
|Babur (Cruise Missile)||Hatf-VII||700 km||500 kg||Deployed||30-40|
|Ra'ad (Air Launched Cruise Missile)||Hatf-VIII||350 km||Under Testing|
|M-11 (SRBM)||300 km||500kg||In service||100+|
Note: Not every missile has nuclear payload.