Babol (بابل) is a city in the Iranian province of Mazandaran, north-east of Tehran and about 40 kilometers from Sari. It is the region's chief commercial centre and was once the major trading center of northern Iran. The population is estimated at 283,617 as of 2006.
Founded in the 16th century
, it was built on the site of the ancient city of Mamter
(deriving from "Mah Mithra" "great Mithra
was formerly called Barforushdeh
Geography and climate
The city is located approximately 20 kilometers south of Caspian Sea
on the west bank of Babol Rood
River and receives abundant annual rainfall. Babol borders Babolsar
to the north, Qaem Shahr
and Savad Kooh
to the east, and Amol
to the west. Babol University is famous for its breathtaking environment.
The ruins of Shah Abbas I
's palace are located in the city.
Food and textiles — as well as other processed goods — are produced. Fruits grown and processed in Babol include oranges
, and tangerines
. There are many rice
farms around the city, and tea
, and cotton
were processed in the past — about 20 years ago. Babol is more commercial compared to most nearby cities.
Colleges and universities
Babol is home to Iranian Basketball Super League
side BEEM Mazandaran BC
who play in the Shahid Sajoodi Arena