A Bank Code
is a code
assigned by a central bank
, a Bank Supervisory Body or a Bankers Association
in a country assigned to all its licensed member banks
. The rules vary to great extent between the countries. Also the name of such a code varies. In some countries the bank codes can be viewed over the internet, but mostly in the local language.
The term Bank Code is sometimes (inappropriately) used by merchants referring to the Card Security Code printed on a credit card.
Those countries that have International Bank Account Numbers
mostly make use of the bank code in specifying IBAN account numbers.
The American Bankers Association has since 1910 used nine-digit routing transit numbers to identify banks in the United States of America, which are used in the automated processing of cheques.
Canada uses a "transit number" made up by eight digits, with a hyphen after the fifth one.
Australia has a six-digit prefix to a bank account number that indicates the bank and branch of the account. The prefix is known as the "Bank State Branch" or BSB code.
The UK uses a six digit sort code.