The Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC) is a premier medical college in India, which trains high quality doctors. It is located in Pune city in the state of Maharashtra. The college is managed by the Indian Armed Forces.
The Armed Forces Medical College has multiple roles to perform. These are primarily training of medical undergraduates and post-graduates, dental postgraduates, nursing cadets and paramedical staff. Patient care forms an integral part of its training curriculum and the attached hospitals benefits from the expertise available at AFMC. The institution is responsible for providing the entire pool of specialists and super specialists to Armed Forces by giving them in service training. Thus AFMC forms the backbone of high quality professional medical care being provided to the clientele, which in the ultimate analysis, affects considerable financial saving to the Government besides contributing largely to the morale of the fighting forces. The college is also involved in conducting research in various medical subjects as well as those aspects which would affect the morale and performance of the Armed Forces both in war and peace.
The AFMC was set up in 1948 in the immediate post-world war period. On the recommendations of the BC Roy Committee, remnants of the Indian Army Medical Corps units were amalgamated into one unit to create the Armed Forces Medical College. Over the past 50 years, it has grown in its functions.
The graduate wing
of AFMC was established in August 1962. The aim of starting this wing was to increase the intake of medical graduates into the Armed Forces. The graduate wing was affiliated to the University of Pune
till 1999 but presently affiliated to the Maharashtra University of Health Sciences. The college is recognised by the Medical Council of India for conducting 4 years and 6 months teaching programme leading to MBBS degree. The first batch passed MBBS in Oct 1966.It also conducts post graduate courses in many disciplines.
Admission to MBBS course are on the basis of an objective type written examination conducted in 28 centres across India. This is followed by an interview and then after the final selection, 130 students are admitted to the College. of these, 25 are girls. All these students are liable to serve in the medical services of the Armed Forces on successful completion of MBBS for seven years.
The college is fully residential with separate hostels for boys and girls. Residence in the hostels is mandatory for all the cadets for the entire duration of the course. The Boys Hostel is housed in a building which was built in 1965 and comprises 13 blocks of 3 floors each. There are a total of 277 rooms of approximately 8 m² area (single seaters) and 162 rooms of approximately 18.5 m² area (double of triple seaters). All the rooms are fully furnished. The girl's hostel was constructed in 1984 and can accommodate 130 cadets in 70 single seater and 30 double seater rooms. The new Boys Hostel has 4 blocks with 4 floors having 18 single seater rooms each. There is also a hostel for officers doing post graduation called U Block. There are a total of five messes, four for boys and one for girls. A common central mess is under construction. Free messing is provided to all medical cadets.
AFMC is the only medical college in Asia where all expenses are paid by the Government (Ministry of Defence). Medical Cadets receive free tuition, free lodging and boarding, uniforms, book subsidies and an allowance for upkeep of the uniforms. There are facilities for sports, including tennis, squash, basketball, and a swimming pool. An open air cinema hall screens two films a week within the college campus. Canteen facilities for defence personnel are also extended to the Medical Cadets.
AFMC provides broad based non-academic exposure too. Students are encouraged to participate in sports and many have excelled in this arena. There are a large number of societies and clubs like the Student Scientific Society, Computer Club, Hobbies Club, Debating Club, Adventure Club, Musimatics etc where students can pursue extra-academic interests. They are encouraged to participate in competitions and conferences all over the country for development of all round personality and office like qualities. They have also won many laurels in debates, quiz contests and youth festivals in Pune and outside. Over 6000 doctors have graduated from AFMC until now. Recently the campus also developed a Wi-Fi zone with internet access.
The Nursing College Wing of AFMC conducts a four years course for B.Sc. (Nursing) and a condensed two years course for post-certificate candidates to convert them to B.Sc. (Nursing), Sp. courses in OT/Ortho/Burns.
The various departments are very active in taking up research projects either under departmental sponsorship or under the auspices of Armed Forces Medical Research Committee (AFMRC). Apart from service oriented projects, research inclinical and laboratory subjects is also carried out. AFMC has the facility for animal house, hatcheries for disease producing insects, and a virology and bacteriology bank for these purposes. AFMC is a research and referral centre for confirmation of disease, identification of pathogens (viral and bacterial) and classification of blood disorders. AFMC acts as a referral centre, designated by WHO for certain diseases i.e. HIV-regional laboratory and centre for rickettsial diseases.
Affiliated Hospitals include Command Hospital (Southern Command), Military Hospital (Cardio Thoracic Centre) , Artificial Limb Centre and Military Hospital (Khadki).
Medical Journal Armed Forces of India (MJAFI) is a professional journal sponsored by the Armed Forces Medical Services and published by the AFMC.
This premier institute is ranked as second best medical college of India only after the All India Institute of Medical Sciences. (Outlook India, India Today). It is presently affiliated to Maharashtra University of Health Sciences. AFMC recently applied for a deemed university status but was rejected.