Aventura is a planned city located in northeastern Miami-Dade County, Florida. The city name is from the Spanish word for "adventure," and was named "Aventura" because that was the name of the original group of condominium developments in the area. The name predates the well known mall (Aventura Mall) built near the condominium developments. According to the U.S. Census estimates of 2007, the city had a population of 29,475.
Aventura is also home to the Aventura Mall, a high-end regional mall which was developed by Ray Parello, Donny Soffer, and Eddie Lewis of Oxford Development and is currently owned by Simon Property Group and Turnberry Associates. The enormous success of the mall encouraged explosive growth in the area and saw the closure of stores at the competing The Mall at 163rd Street, which only recently has been revitalized. On November 7, 1995, the City of Aventura was incorporated.
In addition to its sea-level elevation, coastal location and position just above the Tropic of Cancer, the area owes its warm, humid climate to the Gulf Stream, which moderates climate year-round. A typical summer day does not see temperatures below 75°F (21°C). Temperatures in the high 80s to low 90s (30-35 °C) accompanied by high humidity are often relieved by afternoon thunderstorms or a sea breeze that develops off the Atlantic Ocean, which then allow lower temperatures, although conditions still remain very muggy. During winter, humidity is significantly lower, allowing for cooler weather to develop. Average minimum temperatures during that time are around 59°F (15°C), rarely dipping below 40°F (4°C), and the equivalent maxima usually range between 65 and 75 °F (18-24 °C).
Aventura receives abundant rainfall. Most of this rainfall occurs from mid-May through early October. It receives annual rainfall of 58.6 inches (146.5 cm). The South Florida metropolitan area, which includes the cities of Miami, Fort Lauderdale, and West Palm Beach, is the second largest metropolitan area in the world after Tokyo that receives regular cyclonic activity. Hurricane season officially runs from June 1 through November 30, although hurricanes can develop beyond those dates. The most likely time for Aventura to be hit is during the peak of the Cape Verde season which is mid August through the end of September.
There were 14,000 households out of which 11.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.6% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 52.2% were non-families. 45.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.79 and the average family size was 2.45.
In the city the population was spread out with 10.1% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 35.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 53 years. For every 100 females there were 80.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $44,526, and the median income for a family was $59,507. Males had a median income of $50,791 versus $37,682 for females. The per capita income for the city was $41,092. About 5.6% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2000, speakers of English as their first language accounted for 59.92% of the population, while Spanish accounted for 22.63% of residents. Those who spoke Hebrew were at 3.66%, and Yiddish was spoken 2.78% of the population. Other languages spoken include Portuguese 2.65%, French 2.40%, Russian 1.75%, and German at 1.46% of city residents.
Aventura is known for its substantial Jewish population, many of whom come from the Northeast (New York, New Jersey, etc.) Besides American Jews, Aventura also has experienced a significant influx of Hispanic Jews (especially Argentine Jews, Cuban Jews, and Venezuelan Jews,) Brazilian Jews, French Jews, Russian Jews, German Jews, Canadian Jews (including French Canadian Jews) and Israelis also residing in the city.
As of 2000, Aventura had the seventeenth highest percentage of Brazilian residents in the US, with 1.9% of the US populace. The thirtieth highest percentage of Colombian residents in the US, at 4.25% of the city's population, and the ninety-second highest percentage of Cuban residents in the US, at 2.89% of the city's population. It also had the twelfth most Israelis in the US, at 2.4%, while it had the thirteenth highest percentage of Romanians (tied with Hartford, Ohio and Bern, Pennsylvania,) at 1.8% of all residents. Aventura's Russian community had the twenty-fifth highest percentage of residents, which was at 12.4%, while it was the thirteenth highest Venezuelan community in the US, which made up 1.31% of the population.
The City Commission enacts local ordinances and laws, adopts resolutions authorizing actions on behalf of the city, reviews plans for development, and establishes the policies by which the city is governed. The City Commission comprises seven members—six commissioners and the mayor:
The City Commission also hires the the City Attorney, City Clerk, and City Manager, who then hire all subordinate employees. The city manager oversees the day-to-day operations of the city government, administers the city's service providers, prepares long-range plans, and implements the policies established by the City Commission. Eric M. Sorta is the current City Manager, while Teresa M. Soroka is the current City Clerk.
The Aventura City of Excellence School is the only public school located within the City of Aventura. It is a K-8 charter school that is sponsored by the city. It is an award winning school despite the fact that it was built and opened in 2003. The school was ranked in the top 10 of all schools in Florida in 2006. Children who live in Aventura are given admission preference during the admission lottery held every year. The school has an enrollment cap of 100 students per grade so that the school will never be overcrowded
Other Schools that serve Aventura include:
All of Aventura is zoned to Highland Oaks Middle School (Unincorporated Miami-Dade County).
High schools that serve Aventura include:
Regional Universities and Higher Education Institutions include:
The Northeast Branch of the Miami-Dade Public Library System serves Aventura; as of 2006, the branch is closed due to hurricane damage.