The Roemer- und Pelizaeus-Museum, in Hildesheim, Germany, is one of the most important museums in Europe with regard to Ancient Egyptian and Ancient Peruvian art. The museum also includes the second largest collection of Chinese porcelain in Europe. Apart from the permanent exhibitions, the museum hosts temporary exhibitions of other archaeological and contemporary topics.
In 2000, the old building, originally built in the 1950s, was replaced by a spectacular new building, significantly increasing the space available for exhibitions.
The current museum is the result of the union of the Römer Museum, founded in 1844, and the Pelizaeus Museum, established in 1911, that had housed the private collection of Egyptian antiques of Wilhelm Pelizaeus (185–1930).