Aulus

Aulus

Gellius, Aulus, fl. 2d cent., Roman writer. He was a lawyer who spent at least a year in Athens and wrote Noctes Atticae [Attic nights], a collection of discussions of law, antiquities, and sundry other subjects in 20 books (of which 19 and a fraction survive). The work is chiefly valuable as a storehouse of quotations from lost works.
Hirtius, Aulus, d. 43 B.C., Roman soldier. He was a friend of Julius Caesar, with whom he served in Gaul. After Caesar's assassination (44 B.C.) Hirtius and Caius Vibius Pansa were consuls and took sides with the senate against Marc Antony, who was at Mutina (Modena) besieging Decimus Junius Brutus. Hirtius was killed in the successful lifting of the siege. He was probably the author of the eighth book of Caesar's Gallic Wars. He may also have been the author of Bellum Alexandrinum, a work that continues Caesar's commentary on the civil war.
Vitellius, Aulus, A.D. 15-A.D. 69, Roman emperor (A.D. 69). He was made commander of the legions on the lower Rhine by Galba in A.D. 68. On Galba's death he was proclaimed emperor at Colonia Agrippina (now Cologne). The generals who favored him defeated his rival, Otho, in Italy, and Vitellius was briefly the emperor. He distinguished himself by extravagance, debauchery, and general incompetence. When his rival in the East, Vespasian, moved into Italy, Vitellius quickly lost his supporters. His troops were defeated at Cremona, and Vitellius fought with Vespasian's brother, Flavius Sabinus, in Rome. When Vespasian's troops entered Rome, Vitellius was captured while in hiding and murdered.

(born AD 15—died Dec. 20, 69, Rome) Roman emperor (69), the last of Nero's three short-lived successors. Vitellius was commander of the Lower German army when Nero died and was proclaimed emperor by his troops. When he marched on Italy, Otho, a rival emperor, committed suicide. Vitellius entered Rome but there had to contend with Vespasian, whose army had also proclaimed him emperor; the troops of Vitellius lost to those of Vespasian. Vitellius's Praetorian Guard prevented him from abdicating, but he was captured by troops, dragged through the streets, tortured, and killed.

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(flourished 1st century AD) Roman medical writer. His famous treatise De medicina, a major source of knowledge of early medicine, shows that it was remarkably advanced, urging cleanliness and use of antiseptics, describing facial skin grafting, and stating the four cardinal signs of inflammation. The book's three parts discuss diseases requiring diet, drug, or surgical therapy.

Learn more about Celsus, Aulus Cornelius with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born AD 15—died Dec. 20, 69, Rome) Roman emperor (69), the last of Nero's three short-lived successors. Vitellius was commander of the Lower German army when Nero died and was proclaimed emperor by his troops. When he marched on Italy, Otho, a rival emperor, committed suicide. Vitellius entered Rome but there had to contend with Vespasian, whose army had also proclaimed him emperor; the troops of Vitellius lost to those of Vespasian. Vitellius's Praetorian Guard prevented him from abdicating, but he was captured by troops, dragged through the streets, tortured, and killed.

Learn more about Vitellius, Aulus with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(flourished 1st century AD) Roman medical writer. His famous treatise De medicina, a major source of knowledge of early medicine, shows that it was remarkably advanced, urging cleanliness and use of antiseptics, describing facial skin grafting, and stating the four cardinal signs of inflammation. The book's three parts discuss diseases requiring diet, drug, or surgical therapy.

Learn more about Celsus, Aulus Cornelius with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Several prominent ancient Romans had the praenomen Aulus:

The name was traditionally connected with Latin aula, olla, "palace", but this is most likely a folk etymology. Aulus in fact probably derives from Etruscan Aule, Avle, Avile, of unknown meaning.

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