Agricultural land makes up over 10% of the town's jurisdiction, mostly planted with bananas, oranges, and vegetables for which al-Auja is well-known. Irrigation water is mainly supplied from the al-Auja spring.
According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, al-Auja had a population of over 4,000 inhabitants in mid-year 2006. In 1997, refugees constituted 24.7% of the population. Located in "Area A", complete control over al-Auja was transferred to the Palestinian National Authority in a 1994 deal which also included Jericho and Gaza.