| The Lumière Brothers|
Les frères Lumière
Auguste Lumière (left) and Louis Lumière (right)
|Place of birth||Besançon, France|
|Auguste|| Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas Lumière|
|Louis|| Louis Jean Lumière|
(Bandol, French Riviera)
|Education||La Martiniere Lyon|
|Parents||Charles Antoine Lumière (1840-1911)|
The Lumières held their first private screening of projected motion pictures March 22, 1895. Their first public screening of movies at which admission was charged was held on December 28, 1895, at Paris's Salon Indien du Grand Café. This history-making presentation featured ten short films, including their first film, Sortie des Usines Lumière à Lyon (Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory). Each film is 17 meters long, which, when hand cranked through a projector, runs approximately 46 seconds.
It is believed their first film was actually recorded that same year (1895) with Léon Bouly's cinématographe device, which was patented the previous year. The cinématographe— a three-in-one device that could record, develop, and project motion pictures— was further developed by the Lumières.
Max and Emil Skladanowsky, inventors of the Bioskope, had offered projected moving images to a paying public one month earlier (November 1, 1895, in Berlin). Nevertheless, film historians consider the Grand Café screening to be the true birth of the cinema as a commercial medium, because the Skladanowsky brothers' screening used an extremely impractical dual system motion picture projector that was immediately supplanted by the Lumiere cinematographe.
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