KAIST (formerly known as Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) is a research university located in Daedeok Science Town, Daejeon, South Korea. KAIST was established in 1971 as the nation’s first graduate school specializing in science and engineering education and research. It is one of the top science and technology universities in South Korea along with Seoul National University and POSTECH.
The University’s some 400 faculty conducts research in cooperation with academics and industries all over the world. KAIST offers grants and fellowships to international students.
The University has for many decades, recruited faculty from overseas. The current KAIST President Nam Pyo Suh, an authority in axiomatic design technology, comes from MIT. His predecessor, Robert Laughlin, a Nobel Prize laureate and a physics professor from Stanford University, was the first foreigner to head a Korean university. Professor Emeritus Cho Jang Hee, was a dual professor at both Columbia, New York, and KAIS, and played major role in the development of the PET scanning technology.
The vast majority of professors come from US higher education institutions. The school engages in many international programs with leading European and Asian universities. The university is a member of LAOTSE, an international network of universities in Europe and Asia. It is also a member of the Association of East Asian Research Universities.
|Feb. 16, 1971||Establishment of Korea Advanced Institute of Science (KAIS), Hongneung Campus, Seoul|
|Mar. 05, 1973||First entrance ceremony for the master’s program|
|Aug. 20, 1975||First graduation ceremony for the master’s program|
|Sep. 12, 1975||First entrance ceremony for the doctoral program|
|Aug. 19, 1978||First graduation ceremony for the doctoral program|
|Dec. 31, 1980||Establishment of Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) united with KIST|
|Dec. 31, 1984||Establishment of Korea Institute of Technology, newly added bachelor degree course|
|Mar. 03, 1986||First entrance ceremony for Korea Institute of Technology|
|Jun. 12, 1989||KIST separated from KAIST|
|Jul. 04, 1989||United with Korea Institute of Technology (move to Daedeok Campus)|
|Dec. 17, 1990||First graduation ceremony for bachelor’s program|
|Oct. 01, 1996||Establishment of Korea Institute of Advanced Study|
|May. 4, 2004||Foundation of the National Nanofab Center (NNFC)|
|Oct. 01, 1996||Establishment of Korea Institute of Advanced Study (KIAS)|
|Jan. 1, 2008||Name change to only KAIST, replacing the spelled-out name|
KAIST was established under the name of Korea Advanced Institute of Science (KAIS) under a special law in February 16, 1971, as the first research oriented graduate school in science and engineering in Korea. In 1989, KAIST established the education/research system of special talents in science and engineering fields in bachelor, master and doctoral degrees. Students accepted into the extrodinarly competitive program, were exempt from military duty, but required to remain in Korea for 5 years following graduation, to prevent brain drain. All other Koreans, of college age, are required to do military duty, unless they are in college, then they must report for military duty soon afterward.
KAIST has led other colleges and research institutions in Korea and was verified by the ABET assessment (graduate course is within 10% of top US college level) in 1992, assessment of nationwide colleges by Joongang Ilbo (1995, 1998 ～ 2001, 2006 : First position, and assessment of Asian colleges by Asiaweek (1999 ～ 2000: Number one in science and technology), The Times of England (2006 : 37th of Top 100 world university in Technology) and others.
For the past 30 years, KAIST has produced 8,453 bachelors, 17,762 masters, 6,726 doctorate holders (doctors under 30 years of age were 2,920, 43.4%) giving a total of 32,941 alumni. The thesis published in SCI (US, Science and Technology Quotation Thesis Search) journals reached approximately 4 articles per each faculty member, and the commissioned research grant was approximately 200 million won per each facility, which is world-class level. The famous scientific publications such as「Nature」 (GB, July 1993) and 「Science」 (USA, October 1993) have assessed that, “KAIST has the potential to be the world best level education institution.”
It founded the National Nano Lab in 2002 and established the KAIST Institute in 2006.
The first act of President Suh upon his inauguration in July 2006 was to lay out the KAIST Development Plan. The ‘KAIST Development Five-Year Plan’ was finalized on Feb 5, 2007 by KAIST Steering Committee after a thorough examination. The goals of KAIST set by Suh are to become one of the best science and technology universities in the world, and to become one of the top-10 universities by 2011.
In January 2008, the university dropped its full name, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, and changed its official name to only KAIST.
4 colleges, 7 School, 21 departments and 11 interdisciplinary programs
Governed by a special law, KAIST has an autonomous and flexible academic system. Other South Korean colleges and universities are required to abide by the government-directed admissions and curriculum requirements. Undergraduate students can join the school through an “open major system” that allows students to take classes for three terms and choose a discipline that suits their aptitude. In addition, undergraduate students are free to change their major anytime.
With Korea’s first test-free admissions system, the overall grades, the math and science grades, recommendation letters from the teachers, study plan, personal statements, and other data that show the excellence of potential students are evaluated for admission.
KAIST has produced many doctors through the Integrated Master’s and Doctoral program and Early Completion System. Students must publish their papers in globally renowned academic journals.
Scholarships are given to all students in the bachelor, master and doctorate courses, and doctoral students are given military-exemption benefits. On campus dormitories are provided to all those who wish to use them.
The College of Engineering consists of two schools, seven departments and four divisions
KAIST has total twenty nine dormitories where all students wishing to reside can stay. Twenty three dormitories for male students and four dormitories for female students are located on the outskirts of the campus, and two apartments for married students are located outside the campus.
Seoul Campus is the home of Business Faculty of the university. Graduate school of finance, management and information & media management is located there. The total area of Seoul Campus is 413,346m². Its primary goal is to achieve an optimal combination of engineering and business studies which will make engineers more effective at their craft.
KAIST digital science library was established in 1971 as KAIS library, and it went through a merge and separation process with KIST library. It merged with KIT in March 1990. A contemporary 5 story building was constructed as the main library, and it is being operated with an annex library. The library uses the American LC Classification Schedule.
KAIST always does its best to provide optimal facilities to create a cozy atmosphere where students can complete their courses satisfactorily.
In the 2007 THES - QS World University Rankings - Technology, the University was placed 48th in the world and 1st in Korea.
Over the last 36 years, KAIST has educated 33,380 scientists and engineers, 6,867 PhD graduates, 17,911 master’s degree holders and 8,602 bachelor’s degree holders. KAIST is home to young doctorate degree holders who are in their twenties, with 43 percent, or 2,920 out of 6,726 doctoral graduates, in their twenties upon graduation. KAIST graduates are working in universities, businesses and research institutes as well as in some of the most prestigious schools abroad.
Universities include MIT, UCLA, Harvard University and Pennsylvania State University, among others; business sectors include Samsung, SK Telecom, LG, Hyundai, NHN and others; research institutes include the Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI), the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), the Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology (KRICT) and many others.
KAIST is known for a job placement rate of nearly 100 percent. KAIST graduates account for 20 percent of all engineering doctors in Korea, taking up 10 percent of all engineering professorships in Korea and making up nearly 25 percent of the R&D manpower at Samsung Semi-Conductors. Graduates are also very active in setting up venture companies that deal with modern technologies. Nearly 360 venture businesses have been set up by KAIST graduates. On an employment satisfaction survey conducted at the companies that hired KAIST graduates, 91.2 percent of the surveyed answered that they were satisfied and 92.6 percent showed interest in subsequent employment, demonstrating the excellent performances of KAIST graduates.
KAIST provides several graduate courses for executives on Friday and Saturday. ==Notes==