(1782 – June 14 1842
) was a U.S.
army officer. He was a native of Person County, North Carolina
. He entered the army in 1808 as a captain
in the infantry
, serving at various outposts on the Western frontier
. He moved to New York
and was promoted to colonel
in the Regular Army
, seeing considerable action during the War of 1812
. He commanded the 6th U.S. Infantry
beginning in 1815.
After the war, Atkinson led two expeditions to the Yellowstone River in 1819 and 1825. He was appointed brevet brigadier general and was in overall command of U.S. forces during the Black Hawk War. Although he delivered the final blow to the Black Hawk Indians at the Battle of Bad Axe, Atkinson was criticized for mishandling the operations of the war and his reputation did not prosper as did those of his subordinates Zachary Taylor and Henry Dodge.
Atkinson later superintended removal of the Winnebago to Iowa. Jefferson Barracks (near St. Louis) and Fort Leavenworth were begun under his direction. He spent the remainder of his career stationed at Jefferson Barracks.
He married Mary Ann Bullitt on January 16, 1826 they had a son Edward Graham Atkinson.
- Nichols, Roger L., General Henry Atkinson - A Western Military Career. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
- Ghent, W. J. "Atkinson, Henry." Dictionary of American Biography. Vol. 1, Charles Scribner's Sons. 1928.