is a municipality and city in southeast Cuba
and capital of Guantánamo Province
Guantanamo is served by the Caimanera port. Producing sugarcane and cotton wool are traditional parts of the economy.
The municipality is mountainous in the north, where it overlays the Sierra Maestra
(mountains), and borders the Windward Passage
of the Caribbean Sea
in the south. It is crossed by the Guantánamo, Yateras, Guaso, San Andrés and Sabanalamar rivers. The Guantánamo Bay
is a natural harbour south of the city.
The municipality is divided into the barrios of Arroyo Hondo, Baitiquirí, Bano, Bayate, Caimanera, Camarones, Caridad, Corralillo, Cuatro Caminos, Filipinas, Glorieta, Gobierno, Guaso, Hospital, Indios, Isleta, Jaibo Abajo, Las Lajas, Macurijes, Mercado, Ocujal, Parroquia, Palma de San Juan, Rastro, Tiguabos and Vínculo.
US naval base
About 15 km
away from the city lies the Guantánamo Bay
, a superior natural harbour which has been controlled by the United States
as the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base
since 1902, following a controversial unlimited lease of the harbour to the US
The military base contains detention centers, currently used for "unlawful combatants" captured in the War on Terrorism. The detention centers consist of the temporary Camp X-Ray, which is now closed, and the permanent Camp Delta.
In 2004, the municipality of Guantánamo had a population of 244,603. With a total area of , it has a population density of .
Notable natives of Guantánamo include athletes Joel Casamayor
, Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez
, Yumileidi Cumbá
, Jaime Jefferson
, Yargelis Savigne
, Dayron Robles
, Luis Delís
, and Cuban-American gymnast Annia Hatch