[ahsh-kuh-bahd; Russ. uhsh-khuh-baht]
Ashkhabad: see Ashgabat, Turkmenistan.
formerly Ashkhabad

City (pop., 2002 est.: 743,000), capital of Turkmenistan. It lies in an oasis at the northern foot of the Kopet-Dag Range near the Iranian border. Founded in 1881 as a Russian military fort, it was the capital of Turkmenistan S.S.R. (1924–90). A violent earthquake destroyed the city in 1948; it was rebuilt on the same plan. It is now an industrial, transportation, and cultural centre.

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Ashkhabad Olympic Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Ashkhabad, Turkmenistan. It is currently used mostly for football matches. The stadium holds 30,000 people and was built in 2003. Despite the use of the name "Olympic Stadium" the facility was neither built as part of a bid to host the Olympic Games, nor has it been used in such games.

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