, an eastern part of the Indian Ocean
island known today as Sri Lanka
, led a rebellion
against the British colonial occupiers
colonial occupiers (the Portuguese
, the Dutch
and the British
) occupied by violent force and ruled the countryside in Batticaloa.
Prior to the colonial occupation Batticaloa and the surrounding area were a part of the native Kandyan kingdom and administered by local Vannimai chiefs, on behalf of the Kandyan kings.
The rule by colonial forces angered the Batticaloa peasants against the occupiers, leading to the rebellion.
Initially rebellion captured all parts of Batticaloa except Puliyanthivu, an islet
in the district. There was an important fort that was occupied by the British. The British troops had ferociously fought to defend the fort. Once the British were able to hold the fort more reinforcements were sent and they fought a scorched earth
war against the people and the rebel
leader under Captain
Johnston crushed the rebellion
The British captured Arumaipperumal after a brutal encounter and sent him to their colonial capital Colombo where he was executed in 1803.