Definitions

Artie

Artie

[ahr-tee]
Shaw, Artie, 1910-2004, American clarinetist and bandleader, b. New York City as Arthur Jacob Arshawsky. He began playing professionally as a teenager, becoming a studio musician in New York after 1929. In 1935 he formed his first band, an unusual grouping that included clarinet, string quartet, and rhythm section, which he used in a critically acclaimed performance of his jazz chamber piece Interlude in B Flat. A year later he established a more orthodox swing band, and with it recorded (1938) his first hit, a sweetly swinging version of Cole Porter's "Begin the Beguine" that quickly became a jazz classic. In 1940 he organized a smaller band, the Gramercy Five, which he reformed several times with various combinations of musicians, and from the mid-1940s to the mid-50s he led a number of big bands. Considered one of swing's two great clarinetists (the other, his rival Benny Goodman), Shaw was a virtuoso at his instrument. Among his greatest hits were early 40s recordings of "Frenesi," "Stardust," "Moonglow," and "Dancing in the Dark." He retired from music in 1954.

See his autobiography (1952, repr. 1992); biographies by V. Simosko (2000) and J. White (2004); B. Berman, dir., Artie Shaw: Time is All You've Got (documentary film, 1985; Academy Award).

orig. Arthur Jacob Arshawsky

(born May 23, 1910, New York, N.Y., U.S.—died Dec. 30, 2004, Newbury Park, Calif.) U.S. clarinetist and leader of one of the most popular big bands of the swing era. Shaw was a technically brilliant clarinetist and worked freelance before leading his own groups. In 1935 he performed with a string quartet, later expanding the group into a more conventional dance band. He led a U.S. Navy band during World War II and afterward led various ensembles until his retirement in 1954. His best-known recordings are “Begin the Beguine” and “Frenesi.”

Learn more about Shaw, Artie with a free trial on Britannica.com.

orig. Arthur Jacob Arshawsky

(born May 23, 1910, New York, N.Y., U.S.—died Dec. 30, 2004, Newbury Park, Calif.) U.S. clarinetist and leader of one of the most popular big bands of the swing era. Shaw was a technically brilliant clarinetist and worked freelance before leading his own groups. In 1935 he performed with a string quartet, later expanding the group into a more conventional dance band. He led a U.S. Navy band during World War II and afterward led various ensembles until his retirement in 1954. His best-known recordings are “Begin the Beguine” and “Frenesi.”

Learn more about Shaw, Artie with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Artie, the Strongest Man in the World is a character on the television show The Adventures of Pete & Pete, played by Toby Huss. He was Little Pete's "personal superhero". He appeared in the specials, shorts, and first two seasons of the series, as well as the two five-minute Pete & Pete short films "The Artie Workout" and "Staremaster" which appear on the "Classic Petes" and "School Dazed" Pete & Pete videos, respectively. Artie's "costume" consisted of a red-and-blue striped long-sleeved shirt and red form-fitting pants. He also wore glasses. According to the Pete & Pete short "Artie, the Strongest Man... in the World!", his shirt is made of 60% titanium and 40% cotton. As for his place of residence in Wellsville, Artie resided in a "porta-house" that very closely resembled a portable toilet.

The origin of Artie and how he became Little Pete's own personal superhero was never explained on the show. However, from dialogue in the episode "Farewell My Little Viking", it can be inferred that Artie goes around helping kids who need him.

Artie has aided Little Pete in many of his exploits, including his attempt to break the world record for staying awake. Some of Artie's other notable doings include moving the entire Hickle house one inch and helping Little Pete beat up the Atlantic Ocean as punishment for allowing summer to end.

The character of Artie was originally created by Huss for one of his No Shame Theatre comedy routines.

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