An art movement
is a tendency or style in art with a specific common philosophy or goal, followed by a group of artists during a restricted period of time, or, at least, with the heyday of the movement more or less strictly so restricted (usually a few months, years or decades). Art movements were especially important in modern art
, where each consecutive movement was considered as a new avant-garde
. Movements have almost entirely disappeared in contemporary art
, where individualism and diversity prevail.
The term refers to tendencies in visual art, novel ideas and architecture, and sometimes literature. In music it is more common to speak about genres and styles instead. See also cultural movement, a term with a broader connotation.
Because the names of many art movements use the -ism suffix (for example cubism and futurism), they are sometimes referred to as isms.