The Armenian hypothesis
of the Proto-Indo-European Urheimat
, based on the Glottalic theory
suggests that the Proto-Indo-European language
was spoken during the 4th millennium BC
in the Armenian Highland
. It is an Indo-Hittite
model and does not include the Anatolian languages
in its scenario. The phonological peculiarities proposed in the Glottalic theory would be best preserved in the Armenian language
and the Germanic languages
, the former assuming the role of the dialect which remained in situ
, implied to be particularly archaic in spite of its late attestation. Proto-Greek
would be practically equivalent to Mycenean Greek
and date to the 17th century BC, closely associating Greek migration to Greece with the Indo-Aryan migration
to India at about the same time (viz., Indo-European expansion at the transition to the Late Bronze Age
, including the possibility of Indo-European Kassites
The Armenian hypothesis argues for the latest possible date of Proto-Indo-European (sans Anatolian), a full millennium later than the mainstream Kurgan hypothesis. In this, it figures as an opposite to the Anatolian hypothesis, in spite of the geographical proximity of the respective Urheimaten suggested, diverging from the timeframe suggested there by full three millennia.
Although the Armenian hypothesis has its proponents, more popular are the Anatolian hypothesis and the mainstream Kurgan hypothesis.
- T. V. Gamkrelidze and V. V. Ivanov, The Early History of Indo-European Languages, Scientific American, March 1990
- I.M. Diakonoff, The Prehistory of the Armenian People (1984).
- Robert Drews, The Coming of the Greeks (1988), argues for late Greek arrival in the framework of the Armenian hypothesis.
- Martiros Kavoukjian, Armenia, Subartu, and Sumer : the Indo-European homeland and ancient Mesopotamia, trans. N. Ouzounian, Montreal (1987), ISBN 0921885008.