Armand Jean le Bouthillier de

Armand Jean le Bouthillier de

Rancé, Armand Jean le Bouthillier de, 1626-1700, French religious reformer, founder of the Trappists. He was of a noble family, was well educated, and lived at court as a worldly priest. In 1664 he retired to the Cistercian abbey at LaTrappe, where he was already abbot in commendam (i.e., he received its revenues, but performed no duties). There, as regular abbot, he established a discipline stricter than the primitive Benedictine rule. In a few years LaTrappe was famous, and its reform spread; out of the movement came the Trappists.
Saint-Jean-le-Vieux (Basque: Donazaharre) is a commune in the traditional Basque province of Basse-Navarre, in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques département, Aquitaine région, south west France.


The town of Saint-Jean-le-Vieux was razed to the ground in 1177 by the troops of Richard the Lionheart after a siege. The Kings of Navarre refounded the town at nearby Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port as the regional capital shortly afterwards. Saint-Jean-le-Vieux was also resettled.

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