A property of languages where word order within a sentence doesn't matter. It can express slight differences in meaning, the mood of the speaker, emphasis or other things.
Languages with arbitrary word order
- Hungarian language - It is made possible in Hungarian by the -t postfix indicating that the word is the object of the sentence.
- English: "Kate ate a cake", Hungarian:
- "Emese megevett egy szeletet" (same word order as English)
- "Meg Emese evett egy szeletet" (emphasis on her)
- "Egy szeletet Emese evett meg" (same emphasis as above)
- "Emese egy szeletet evett meg" (emphasis on cake)
- "Egy szeletet evett meg Emese" (emphasis on one)
- "Megevett egy szeletet Emese"
- "Megevett Emese egy szeletet"