Aransas National Wildlife Refuge
is a 70,504 acre (285 km²) protected area situated on the southwest side of San Antonio Bay
along the Gulf Coast
of the U.S. state
. The Aransas National Wildlife Refuge was established by Executive Order 7784 on December 31
by President Franklin D. Roosevelt
as the Aransas Migratory Waterfowl Refuge
as a refuge and breeding ground for migratory birds and other wildlife. The name was chnaged in 1939.
Bird life includes ducks, herons, egrets, ibises, spoonbills, and the endangered whooping cranes, whose population has recovered significantly since the 1940s.
Other fauna include alligators, javelina, snakes, and bobcats, which inhabit the refuge's grasslands, thickets of blackjack oak, freshwater ponds, and marshland.