Arabesque or Arabesk (Turkish: Arabesk) is a genre termed so by Turkish musicologists for a type of sound to come out of Turkey in the 1950s and 1960s. It has counterparts in a Greek form of pop music known as Skiladiko, Arabic pop music, Serbian Turbo folk, Bulgarian Chalga, Romanian Manele, and Israeli Muzika Mizrachit.
Arabesk involves a versatile collection of music inspired by Turkish folk music and Middle Eastern music. Due to its predominantly Arab-influenced melodies it is considered to be music of the working class. As a result of its declining popularity in Turkey, more recently it has merged with other genres such as rock music and dance music to achieve a more contemporary sound.
Traditionally a male dominated genre, its image has changed largely due to an injection of female singers, with most critics attributing to these female singers the "dance" influx of upbeat sound into the genre, that became known as arabesque/fantasy music.