Appling County, the 42nd county created in Georgia, was established by an act of the Georgia General Assembly on December 15th, 1818. The original county consisted of Creek lands ceded in the 1814 Treaty of Fort Jackson and the 1818 Treaty of the Creek Agency.
There were 6,606 households out of which 34.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.60% were married couples living together, 12.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.50% were non-families. 23.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the county the population was spread out with 27.10% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,266, and the median income for a family was $34,890. Males had a median income of $27,753 versus $18,148 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,044. About 14.90% of families and 18.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.90% of those under age 18 and 24.40% of those age 65 or over.