Antonio Carlos Brasileiro de Almeida Jobim
in Rio de Janeiro
– December 8
), also known as Tom Jobim
, was a Grammy Award
-winning Brazilian songwriter
, and pianist
. A primary force behind the creation of the bossa nova
style, Jobim is acknowledged as one of the most influential popular composers of the 20th century. His songs have been performed by many singers and instrumentalists within Brazil
Jobim's musical roots were planted firmly in the work of Pixinguinha
, the legendary musician
who began modern Brazilian music in the 1930s. Jobim was also influenced by the French composers Claude Debussy
, and by jazz
. Among many themes, his lyrics talked about love, political repression, betrayal, and especially about the natural beauties of Brazil, like the "Mata Atlântica" forest, birds like the Matita Perê, and his home city of Rio de Janeiro
Jobim became prominent in Brazil when he teamed up with poet and diplomat Vinicius de Moraes
to write the music for the play Orfeu de Conceição
(1956). The most popular song from the show was "Se Todos Fossem Iguais A Você" ("Someone to Light Up My Life
"). Later, when the play was turned into a film, producer Sacha Gordine
did not want to use any of the existing music from the play. Gordine asked de Moraes and Jobim for a new score for the film Black Orpheus
(1959). Vinicius was at the time away in Montevideo, Uruguay
, working for the Itamaraty (the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
) and so he and Jobim were only able to write three songs, primarily over the telephone ("A Felicidade", "Frevo",and "O Nosso Amor"). This collaboration proved successful, and Vinicius went on to pen the lyrics to some of Jobim's most popular songs.
Collaborators and performers of Jobim's music
The Brazilian collaborators and interpreters of Jobim's music include João Gilberto
(often credited as a co-creator of bossa nova), Gal Costa
, Elis Regina
, Sergio Mendes
, Astrud Gilberto
, and Flora Purim
. Eumir Deodato
and the conductor/composer Claus Ogerman
arranged many recordings of Jobim tunes.
A key event in making Jobim's music known in the English speaking world was his collaboration with the American jazz saxophonist Stan Getz, João Gilberto and Gilberto's wife at the time, Astrud Gilberto, which resulted in two albums, Getz/Gilberto (1963) and Getz/Gilberto Vol. 2 (1964). The release of Getz/Gilberto created a bossa nova craze in the United States, and subsequently internationally.
Getz had previously recorded Jazz Samba (1962), and Jobim wrote many of the songs on Getz/Gilberto, which became one of the best-selling jazz albums of all time, and turned Astrud Gilberto, who sang on "The Girl from Ipanema" and "Corcovado (Quiet Nights of Quiet Stars)", into an international sensation.
At the Grammy Awards of 1964 Getz/Gilberto won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year, Grammy Award for Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or Group and the Grammy Award for Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical. "The Girl from Ipanema" won the award for Grammy Award for Record of the Year.
American jazz singers Ella Fitzgerald and Frank Sinatra prominently featured Jobim's songs on their albums Ella Abraça Jobim (1981), and Francis Albert Sinatra & Antonio Carlos Jobim (1967), respectively. Other notable performers of Jobim songs include Andy Williams, Lambert, Hendricks, & Ross, Tony Bennett, Rosemary Clooney, Diana Krall, Claudine Longet, Sting, and George Michael. Carlos Santana's 1970s album Caravanserai included a version of Jobim's "Stone Flower." The 1996 CD Wave: The Antonio Carlos Jobim Songbook included performances of Jobim tunes by Oscar Peterson, Herbie Hancock, Chick Corea, and Toots Thielemans. Contemporary jazz performer Jane Monheit sang Waters of March on her CD Come Dream With Me.
Jobim remained musically productive until his 1994 death from heart failure; his last album, Antonio Brasileiro
, was released posthumously. He is buried in the Cemitério São João Batista
in Rio de Janeiro
. The Rio de Janeiro airport was renamed the Galeão - Antônio Carlos Jobim International Airport
in his honour.
References in Popular Culture
- The late singer/songwriter Elliott Smith wrote a song titled "Antonio Carlos Jobim", which he recorded with his band Heatmiser on their Cop And Speeder album.
- Antonio, Carlos, and Jobim are a trio of recurring extras on the musically referential anime Cowboy Bebop.
- In the show Home Movies Jason "auditions" for the school play by "singing" a song in the style of Antonio Carlos Jobim in the episode "Bye Bye Greasy."
- McGowan, Chris; Pessanha, Ricardo (1998). The Brazilian Sound: Samba, Bossa Nova and the Popular Music of Brazil. 2nd edition, Philadelphia: Temple University Press. ISBN 1-56639-545-3, ISBN 1-56639-544-5.
- Castro, Ruy (2000). Bossa Nova: The Story of the Brazilian Music That Seduced the World. 1st English-Language Edition, Chicago, IL: A Capella Books. ISBN 1-55652-409-9.
- Dicionário Cravo Albin da Música Popular Brasileira. Retrieved on 2007-04-21..