Antoninus, Wall of

Antoninus, Wall of

Antoninus, Wall of, ancient Roman wall extending across N Britain from the Firth of Forth to the Firth of Clyde. It was built by the Roman governor Lollius Urbicus in the reign of Emperor Antoninus Pius—probably in A.D. 140-42. Intended as a defense against the peoples to the north, it was built out of turf, with a ditch on the north and 19 forts along its southern side. The wall was 37 mi (60 km) long. It was abandoned c.185 when the Romans retreated to Hadrian's Wall.
In Japan, Wall of 1.03 million yen and 1.30 million yen (103万円・130万円の壁) is a controversial social phenomenon among Japanese housewives due to the government's taxation policy. That is, those who have an income in excess of 1.03 million yen cannot have marital deduction (配偶者控除) and those who exceed the income of 1.30 million yen cannot have special marital deduction (配偶者特別控除).

See also: Tax in Japan

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