Modern anti-urban attitudes are found in America in the form of the housing development profession that continues to develop land on a low-density suburban basis, where access to amenities, work and shopping is provided almost exclusively by car rather than on foot. Retail and professional services may establish themselves in the area for the convenience of the suburbanites, but the cultural assets of central city rarely follow. There is usually significant opposition to expanding mass transit, typically on financial grounds. At grade or above grade systems may also be rejected for reasons based on NIMBYism, one paradox of mass transit planning being that everyone would like to have a easy access to the transit station, but nobody wants the tracks anywhere near their house.
Contemporary anti-urban attitudes in the United States may at times seem to be linked to racism. In the United States, large numbers of African Americans migrated from the rural South to the industrial cities of the North during the 20th century, in what became known as the Great Migration. Meanwhile, the development of interstate highways allowed for easy access to suburban areas, helping to spur white flight to suburban areas. However, regardless of any possible racism, aspiring to own a single family house with a yard (garden) is an almost non-negotiable cultural imperative. Young couples of any race, even living in vibrant and non-threatening city neighborhoods, very often move to the suburbs as soon as they have or expect to have a child. By the late 20th century, many inner cities of large American cities had non-white majorities, while suburbs of the cities were often heavily white. Patterns of white flight have also taken place in parts of large British cities as immigrants from South Asia, the Caribbean and elsewhere have moved in.
Anti-urbanism is still indirectly extolled by politicians who tout their small-town or rural origins. This is usually more associated with Republicans; although Reagan came from a career in Hollywood and would thus otherwise be suspect, but this liability was easily overcome by his conservative views and unassuming manner. Recent Presidents or presidential nominees of both parties have tended to come from small towns, with the notable recent exception of Barack Obama, who is closely identified with the city of Chicago.