A sprained ankle, also known as an ankle sprain, rolled ankle, ankle injury or ankle ligament injury, is a common medical condition where one or more of the ligaments of the ankle is torn or partially torn. The anterior talofibular ligament is one of the most commonly involved ligaments. Sprains to the lateral aspect of the ankle account for 85% of ankle sprains.
An ankle brace can be very helpful for the treatment and prevention of a sprained ankle injury. Walking is inadvisable, as it may cause the ankle sprain to become worse - with increased pain, and possible further damage to the compromised tissues. Crutches and air-braces, while conventionally used, are currently out of vogue. Braces and crutches give the leg exercise, and yet keep the damaged part from moving and becoming further injured.
Ice is vital to reducing swelling and speeding up the healing process of the ankle. Cycles of 10-15 minutes on and 10-15 minutes off are recommended. Icing an ankle too long may have detrimental effects to the reduction of swelling due to reduced blood flow impeding the delivery of nutrients to the damaged areas.
Compression bandages provide support and compression for sprained ankles. Wrapping is started at the ball of the foot and slowly continued up to the base of the calf muscle, pushing the swelling up toward the center of the body so that it does not gather in the foot. Bandages are kept tight, but not so tight as to cut off the circulation in the foot.
Adherence to physiotherapy clinical guideline acute ankle injury and determinants of adherence: a cohort study.(Research article)
May 22, 2007; Authors: Philip J van der Wees (corresponding author) [1,2]; Erik JM Hendriks [1,3]; Mariette J Jansen ; Hans van Beers ;...