Íth made the first expedition to Ireland, but was killed by the three kings of Ireland, Mac Cuill, Mac Cecht, and Mac Gréine of the Tuatha Dé Danann. In revenge the eight sons of Íth's brother Míl Espáine (the "Soldier of Hispania", whose given name was Golam), led an invasion force to defeat the Tuatha Dé and conquer Ireland. The sons of Míl landed in County Kerry and fought their way to Tara. On the way, the wives of the three kings, Ériu, Banba and Fodla requested that the island be named after them: Ériu is the earlier form of the modern name Éire, and Banba and Fodla were often used as poetic names for Ireland, much as Albion is for Britain.
At Tara the sons of Míl met the three kings, and it was decreed that the invaders return to their ships and sail a distance of nine waves from Ireland, and if they were able to land again, Ireland would be theirs. They set sail, but the Tuatha Dé used magic to brew up a storm, in which five of the sons were drowned, leaving only Eber Finn, Eremon and Amergin the poet, to land and take the island. Amergin divided the kingship between Éremon, who ruled the northern half, and Éber Finn, the southern.
For centuries, the myth of the Míl Éspaine and the Milesians was used in Ireland to win and secure dynastic and political legitimacy. For example, in his Two bokes of the histories of Ireland (1571), Edmund Campion tried to use the myth to establish an ancient right of the British monarch to rule Ireland. In A View of the Present State of Ireland, Edmund Spenser accepted and rejected various parts of the myth both to denigrate the Irish of his day and to justify English colonisation of Ireland in the 1590s (at the height of the Anglo-Spanish war).
Probably the last major outing for the myth was during the Contention of the bards, which appears to have rumbled on from 1616 to 1624. During this period poets from the north and south of the island extolled the merits of their respective peoples (Eremonians and Eberians), at the expense of the other side, and often descended to a pettiness that some contemporaries thought foolish. Finally, Geoffrey Keating's Foras Feasa ar Eirinn (written c.1634) used the myth to promote the legitimacy of the Stuart claim to royal authority in Ireland (related to the origin of the Lia Fáil), demonstrating that Charles I was descended, through Brian Ború, Éber and Galamh, from Noah and, ultimately, from Adam.
There is a legend that Queen Scota's grave is in the Slive Mish mountains just outside Tralee in Co Kerry. The legend tells that Scota was the daughter of a pharaoh and was to marry the Irish king, but she fell from her horse and died. A large rock marks the spot where she fell.
Breogán | _________________________|_________________________ | | Bile Íth | | Galam Lugaid (Míl) | _______________________|___________________ _____|_____ | | | | | | | | | Donn Eber Amergin Ír Colpa Arannan Eremon Eoinbric Mal Finn | | | | __________|_______ | ______________|____________ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Ir Orba Fearon Ferga Eber Muimne Luigne Laigne Palap Irial Riaglan Edaman | Fáith | | _____________|______________ | | | | | | | | Ebric Conmael Eithrial Sithchenn Congal _______________|______ | | | | | | | | | | | Airtre Cearmna Sobhairce Eochaid Follach Mairtine Dáire | Faebar Glas | | | | _______|_______ | | | | | | | | | Art Nuada Mofemis Tigernmas Rothlan Eochaid | | | | | Étgudach Sedna 1 Glas Eochaid Enboth Flann | | Mumho | Ruadh | | | | | Fiacha Rossa Enna Smirgull Ailill Finscothach | Airgthech | | | | | | Ollamh Roithechtaig Fiacha Fionn Fodhla | Labhrainne | ________|_____________________ | | | | | | | | | | Finnachta Slanoll Gedhe Cairbre Fer Aengus Eochaid | | Ollgothach | Arda Olmucada Apthach Fiacha Ailill | | | | Finnailches Bearnghal Labraid Cas Roitheachtaigh 1 | Clothach | | | | Bratha Muineamhón Dian | | | Fionn Faildeargdoid Sírna | | | Sirlám Cas Ailill | Cétchaingnech Olchaoin | | | Airgeatmhar Failbe Giallchaidh ________________________________| | | | | | | | | Fomor Finntan Deman Badarn Roan Nuadat | | | | | Finnfail | | | | | | Dub Cimbáeth Díthorba Áed Roitheachtaigh 2 Áedan | Ruad | Glas | | | | Sithrige Macha Mong Ruad Elim Simeon | Oillfinshneachta Breac | | Rudraige 2 Art ________|______________________________ Imleach | | | | | | Ginga Bresal Ross Congal Cas | | Bódíbad Ruad Clairinech | Breisrigh | | | | Capa Connra Fachtna Sedna 2 | | Fáthach | | | | Fachtna Éllim Duach | Finn | __________|_____________ | | | Cas Muireadach Enda | Bolgrach Dearg | ______________________| | | | | | Cas Fiacha Duach Lugaid Trillsech Tolgrach Temrach Iardonn | | ______|______ | | | | | | Amergin Duach Eochaid Conaing Eochaid | Ladhgrach Fiadmuine Begeaglach Uaircheas | | | | | | Conall Eochaid Lugaid Cernach Buadach Lámdearg | ______|______ | | | | | Irial Úgaine Badbchaid Art Glunmar Mor | | ____|_________________________ | | | | | Fiachna Lóegaire Cobthach Ailill Finnamnas Lorc Cóel Breg Finn | | | | Muireadach Ailill Meilge Eochaid (Fir Bolg) | Áine Molbthach | | | | | | | Finnchad Labraid Irereo Lugaid Rinnal | Loingsech | Laigde Dagarmag | | | | | Giallchaidh Ailill Connla Rechtaid Erndolb Fionn Bracan CáemCáem Rígderg | | | | | | Cathbad Aengus Ailill Cobthach Oiris | Ollamh Caisfhiaclach Cáem Eclonnach | | | | | Rochruide Bresal Eochaid Mog Corb Luaigne | Brec Ailtleathan | Laidcinn | | _________|_____________ | | | | | | | | | Mal Fergus Aengus Ederscél Fiacha Fer Corb Tat Fortamail Tuirmech Temrach Fer Mara | Tetmanach | | | | | | Fedlimid Enna Conall Ailill Adamair Dichun Forthriun Aignech Collamrach Érainn | Uairidnach | | | | | Crimthann Labraid Feradach Nia Rudraige Coscrach Lorc | Segamain | | | | | | Mog Art Blathacht Forga Innatmar Dubthach | | | | | Art Esamain Maine Lugaid Cairbre | Eamna | Luaigne Cinnchait | | | | Elloit Rogen Airndil Cairbre | Ruadh | Lusc | | | | Nuada Fionnloch Roithriun Duach Fullon | | Dallta Dedad | | | Feradach Fionn Triun Foglas ______|______ | | | | | Ailill Eochaid Eochaid Roisin Glas Feidlech Airem | | | | Fiacha Findemna Sin Foibric | _____|_____ | | | | Bresal Lugaid Degaidh Eochaid Brec Riab nDerg | | | | | | Lugaid Crimthann Iar Deitsin Loithfinn Nia Náir | | | | | | Sedna Feradach Ailill Dluthach Sithbac Finnfechtnach | | | | | Nuada Eogan Dáire Necht | | | | | Fergus Ederscel Fiatach Fairge | Finn | | | Rossa Conaire Fiacha Ruadh Mor Finnfolaidh | | Fionn Tuathal File Teachtmhar | | Conchobar Fedlimid Abradruad Rechtmar | | Mog Corb Conn | Cétchathach Cú Corb | Nia Corb | Cormac Gelta Gáeth | Fedlimid Firurglas | Cathair Mor