Andrews

Andrews

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Andrews, Charles McLean, 1863-1943, American historian, b. Wethersfield, Conn. He was associate professor at Bryn Mawr (1889-1907) and professor at Johns Hopkins (1907-10) and Yale (1910-31). Andrews, a leader in the reinterpretation of British colonial policy in America, studied the colonies in the light of the larger imperial problem, and his seminar in colonial institutions at Yale stimulated much able research in this field. His long, distinguished career reached a climax with The Colonial Period of American History (4 vol., 1934-38; Vol. I-III, The Settlements; Vol. IV, England's Commercial and Colonial Policy). This excellently received work won him the 1935 Pulitzer Prize for history and, in 1937, the gold medal for history and biography awarded only every 10th year by the National Institute of Arts and Letters. His other books include Colonial Self-Government, 1652-1689 (1904, repr. 1968; in the "American Nation" series), The Fathers of New England (1919) and Colonial Folkways (1919; both in the "Chronicles of America" series), and The Colonial Background of the American Revolution (1924, repr. 1961). He also compiled manuscript and bibliographical guides and wrote works on various historical subjects.

See biography by A. S. Eisenstadt (1956).

Andrews, Lorrin, 1795-1868, American missionary to the Hawaiian Islands, b. present-day Vernon, Conn., grad. Princeton Theological Seminary, 1825. He founded (1831) on Maui a training school for teachers, offered courses in printing (which he had himself learned from a book), and began (1834) publishing the first Hawaiian newspaper. After 1841 he had posts in the royal Hawaiian government, becoming (1852) an associate justice of the supreme court. His great cultural contribution was his Dictionary of the Hawaiian Language (1865; rev. by H. H. Parker, 1922).
Andrews, Roy Chapman, 1884-1960, American naturalist and explorer, b. Beloit, Wis., B.A. Beloit College, 1906, M.A. Columbia Univ., 1913. Associated with the American Museum of Natural History, New York City, from 1906, he was its director from 1935 to 1942. Between 1908 and 1914 he made several trips to Alaska, along the coast of Asia, and in Malayan seas to study aquatic mammals. He later conducted (1917-30) several expeditions into central Asia to study both fossil and living plants and animals. In the Gobi desert, he discovered some of the world's great fossil fields, which yielded the remains of many ancient animals (including Baluchitherium, the largest known land mammal), dinosaurs and their eggs, and plants previously unknown to science. Handsome and charismatic, Andrews was something of a celebrity, lecturing and becoming a radio personality. He described his expeditions in several books and discussed them all in The New Conquest of Central Asia (1932). His writings also include Meet Your Ancestors (1945), In the Days of the Dinosaur (1959), and the autobiographical Under a Lucky Star (1943) and An Explorer Comes Home (1947).

See C. Gallenkamp, Dragon Hunter: Roy Chapman Andrews and the Central Asiatic Expeditions (2001).

Oldest university in Scotland, founded in 1411 on the outskirts of St. Andrews. The university buildings include St. Salvator's College (1450), St. Leonard's College (1512; merged with St. Salvator's in 1747), and the University Library (1612). A third college, St. Mary's (1537), has always taught theology exclusively. The medical and dental school became independent as the University of Dundee in 1967.

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(born Sept. 7, 1819, near Zanesville, Ohio, U.S.—died Nov. 25, 1885, Indianapolis, Ind.) U.S. politician. He practiced law in Indiana before serving in the U.S. House of Representatives (1851–55) and Senate (1863–69); he was later governor (1873–77). Though loyal to the Union, he opposed many aspects of the Union's military effort during the American Civil War; he also opposed the Reconstruction program imposed on the South after the war. He favoured leniency toward white supremacists in the South and opposed all legislation aimed at assisting freedmen. He was the Democratic Party nominee for vice president in 1876 (as the running mate of Samuel Tilden) and again in 1884, when he was elected with Grover Cleveland. He died shortly after taking office.

Learn more about Hendricks, Thomas A(ndrews) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Oldest university in Scotland, founded in 1411 on the outskirts of St. Andrews. The university buildings include St. Salvator's College (1450), St. Leonard's College (1512; merged with St. Salvator's in 1747), and the University Library (1612). A third college, St. Mary's (1537), has always taught theology exclusively. The medical and dental school became independent as the University of Dundee in 1967.

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City (pop., 2006 est.: 16,640) and seaport, Fife council area, eastern Scotland. It was formerly the ecclesiastical capital of Scotland; its religious traditions began in the 6th century AD, when St. Kenneth is believed to have formed a Celtic religious community there. It received a charter in 1160 and was one of the principal towns in Scotland in the Middle Ages. In 1472 its archbishop was recognized as the primate of Scotland, and it took part in the important events of the Scottish Reformation. It is a popular seaside resort noted for its golf courses, and the University of St. Andrews is located there.

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(born Jan. 26, 1884, Beloit, Wis., U.S.—died March 11, 1960, Carmel, Calif.) U.S. naturalist, explorer, and author. In 1906 he joined the staff of the American Museum of Natural History, where he would spend much of his working life. There he assembled one of the best collections of cetaceans in the world before turning his attention to Asiatic exploration. He led expeditions to the Tibet region, southwestern China, and Burma (1916–17); northern China and Outer Mongolia (1919); and Central Asia. Important discoveries included the first known dinosaur eggs, skeleton parts of Baluchitherium (the largest known land mammal), and evidence of prehistoric human life. His many books for the general public include Across Mongolian Plains (1921) and This Amazing Planet (1940).

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(born March 22, 1868, Morrison, Ill., U.S.—died Dec. 19, 1953, San Marino, Calif.) U.S. physicist. He received his doctorate from Columbia University and taught physics at the University of Chicago (1896–1921) and the California Institute of Technology (from 1921). To measure electric charge, he devised the Millikan oil-drop experiment. He verified Albert Einstein's photoelectric equation and obtained a precise value for the Planck constant. He was awarded a 1923 Nobel Prize.

Learn more about Millikan, Robert (Andrews) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born March 22, 1868, Morrison, Ill., U.S.—died Dec. 19, 1953, San Marino, Calif.) U.S. physicist. He received his doctorate from Columbia University and taught physics at the University of Chicago (1896–1921) and the California Institute of Technology (from 1921). To measure electric charge, he devised the Millikan oil-drop experiment. He verified Albert Einstein's photoelectric equation and obtained a precise value for the Planck constant. He was awarded a 1923 Nobel Prize.

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(born Sept. 7, 1819, near Zanesville, Ohio, U.S.—died Nov. 25, 1885, Indianapolis, Ind.) U.S. politician. He practiced law in Indiana before serving in the U.S. House of Representatives (1851–55) and Senate (1863–69); he was later governor (1873–77). Though loyal to the Union, he opposed many aspects of the Union's military effort during the American Civil War; he also opposed the Reconstruction program imposed on the South after the war. He favoured leniency toward white supremacists in the South and opposed all legislation aimed at assisting freedmen. He was the Democratic Party nominee for vice president in 1876 (as the running mate of Samuel Tilden) and again in 1884, when he was elected with Grover Cleveland. He died shortly after taking office.

Learn more about Hendricks, Thomas A(ndrews) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Jan. 26, 1884, Beloit, Wis., U.S.—died March 11, 1960, Carmel, Calif.) U.S. naturalist, explorer, and author. In 1906 he joined the staff of the American Museum of Natural History, where he would spend much of his working life. There he assembled one of the best collections of cetaceans in the world before turning his attention to Asiatic exploration. He led expeditions to the Tibet region, southwestern China, and Burma (1916–17); northern China and Outer Mongolia (1919); and Central Asia. Important discoveries included the first known dinosaur eggs, skeleton parts of Baluchitherium (the largest known land mammal), and evidence of prehistoric human life. His many books for the general public include Across Mongolian Plains (1921) and This Amazing Planet (1940).

Learn more about Andrews, Roy Chapman with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Andrews is a census-designated place (CDP) in Levy County, Florida, United States. The population was 708 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Andrews is located at (29.531873, -82.885215).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 6.8 square miles (17.7 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 708 people, 294 households, and 204 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 103.7 people per square mile (40.0/km²). There were 345 housing units at an average density of 50.5/sq mi (19.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 97.32% White, 1.27% African American, 0.71% Native American, 0.42% from other races, and 0.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.26% of the population.

There were 294 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.3% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.77.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 22.0% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $26,554, and the median income for a family was $29,279. Males had a median income of $28,281 versus $20,588 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $12,186. About 13.7% of families and 18.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.4% of those under age 18 and 23.6% of those age 65 or over.

References

External links

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