Andrew Ure (pronounced to rhyme with "pure") (18 May 1778 – 2 January 1857) was a Scottish doctor. Born in Glasgow, he studied chemistry and natural philosophy. In 1818 Ure revealed experiments he had been carrying out on a murderer/thief named John D. Clydsdale, after the man's execution by hanging. He claimed that, by stimulating the phrenic nerve, life could be restored in cases of suffocation, drowning or hanging. This supposedly influenced Mary Shelley when writing her novel, 'Frankenstein'.
Ure gained fame by his speeches and writings that advocated the great benefits of industrial capitalism. His The Philosophy of Manufactures, published in 1835 played an important role in molding a public opinion on the factory system amid critical debates on factory reform and new poor laws. This set out the basis of the factory system of production. It also defended the working conditions of factories during the Industrial Revolution in Britain.
His A Dictionary of Arts, Manufactures, and Mines was well received. An 1875 review provides some indication of this:
Ure fundamentally rejected the darker side of capitalism, arguing that workers were "willing menials," who were provided with "abundant food and accommodations without perspiring from a single pore."
He died in 1857 while living in London.
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